Khalid ibn al-Walid ibn al-Mughira al-Makhzumi was an Arab Muslim leader in the administration of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar who assumed a main part in the Ridda wars.
Born: 592 AD, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: 642 AD, Homs, Syria
Full name: Abū Sulaymān Khālid ibn al-Walīd ibn al-Mughīrah al-Makhzūmī
Buried: 642 AD, Khaled Ibn Walid Mosque, Homs, Syria
Battles and wars: Ridda wars, Muslim conquest of the Levant, Battle of Uhud (625), more
Siblings: Ammarah ibn Walid, Walid ibn Walid, Hasham ibn al-Walid, Fatimah bint Walid, more
Khālid ibn al-Walīd, byname Sīf, or Sayf, Allāh (Arabic: “Blade of God”), (passed on 642), one of the two commanders (with ʿAmr ibn al-ʿāṣ) of the gigantically effective Islamic extension under the Prophet Muhammad and his prompt replacements, Abū Bakr and ʿUmar.
In spite of the fact that he battled against Muhammad at Uḥud (625), Khālid was later changed over (627/629) and joined Muhammad in the triumph of Mecca in 629; from there on he told various successes and missions in the Arabian Peninsula. After the demise of Muhammad, Khālid recovered various areas that were splitting ceaselessly from Islam. He was sent northeastward by the caliph Abū Bakr to attack Iraq, where he vanquished Al-Ḥīrah. Intersection the desert, he helped in the triumph of Syria; and, however the new caliph, ʿUmar, officially mitigated him of central leadership (for obscure reasons), Khālid remained the compelling head of the powers confronting the Byzantine armed forces in Syria and Palestine.
Directing the Byzantine militaries, he encompassed Damascus, which gave up on Sept. 4, 635, and pushed toward the north. Right off the bat in 636 he pulled out south of the Yarmūk River before an amazing Byzantine power that best in class from the north and from the shoreline of Palestine. The Byzantine militaries were made mostly out of Christian Arab, Armenian, and different helpers, notwithstanding; and when huge numbers of these abandoned the Byzantines, Khālid, fortified from Medina and conceivably from the Syrian Arab clans, assaulted and wrecked the leftover Byzantine powers along the gorges of the Yarmūk valley (Aug. 20, 636). Just about 50,000 Byzantine soldiers were butchered, which opened the route for some other Islamic victories.
A horseman of the Quraysh clan’s distinguished Makhzum faction, which passionately restricted Muhammad, Khalid assumed the instrumental job vanquishing the Muslims at the Battle of Uhud in 625. Following his change to Islam in 627 or 629, he was made an authority by Muhammad, who offered on him the title Sayf Allah (the Sword of God). Khalid facilitated the protected withdrawal of Muslim soldiers during the unsuccessful undertaking to Mu’ta against the Arab partners of the Byzantines in 629 and drove the Bedouin contingents of the Muslim armed force during the catch of Mecca and the Battle of Hunayn in c. 630. After Muhammad’s demise, Khalid was named to smother or enslave Arab clans in Najd and the Yamama (the two districts in focal Arabia) contradicted to the incipient Muslim state, overcoming the radical chiefs Tulayha at the Battle of Buzakha in 632 and Musaylima at the Battle of Aqraba in 633.
Khalid accordingly moved against the generally Christian Arab clans and the Sasanian Persian posts of the Euphrates valley in Iraq. He was reassigned by Abu Bakr to order the Muslim armed forces in Syria and he drove his men there on a capricious walk across a long, waterless stretch of the Syrian Desert, boosting his standing as a military specialist. Because of unequivocal triumphs against the Byzantines at Ajnadayn (634), Fahl (634), Damascus (634–635) and Yarmouk (636), the Muslims under Khalid vanquished quite a bit of Syria. He was thereafter downgraded from the central leadership by Umar for a scope of causes refered to by conventional Islamic and current sources. Khalid proceeded with administration as the critical lieutenant of his replacement Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah in the attacks of Homs and Aleppo and the Battle of Qinnasrin, all in 637–638, which aggregately hastened the retreat from Syria of royal Byzantine soldiers under Emperor Heraclius. Umar excused Khalid from his governorship of Qinnasrin subsequently and he passed on in Medina or Homs in 642.
Khalid is commonly considered by history specialists to be one of early Islam’s generally prepared and achieved commanders and he is celebrated all through the Arab world until the current day. The Islamic custom credits Khalid for his front line strategies and compelling initiative of the early Muslim successes, yet blames him for unlawfully executing Arab tribesmen who had acknowledged Islam, to be specific individuals from the Banu Jadhima during the lifetime of Muhammad and Malik ibn Nuwayra during the Ridda wars, and good and monetary offense in Syria. His military distinction upset a portion of the devout, early Muslim proselytes, including Umar, who dreaded it could form into a character clique.