Hulagu Khan, otherwise called Hülegü or Hulegu, was a Mongol ruler who vanquished a lot of Western Asia. Child of Tolui and the Keraite princess Sorghaghtani Beki, he was a grandson of Genghis Khan and sibling of Ariq Böke, Möngke Khan, and Kublai Khan
Born: 15 October 1218, Mongolia
Died: 8 February 1265, Maragheh, Iran
Spouse: Doquz Khatun (m. ?–1265)
Children: Abaqa Khan, Mengu-Timur, Tekuder, Möngke Temur, Tandon Khan, Taraqai Khan, more
Grandchildren: Gaykhatu, Arghun, Toqta, Dyuden, Tode Mongke, El Qutlugh Khatun, more
Parents: Tolui, Sorghaghtani Beki
Hulagu—the local type of his name is Hüle’ü, whence the Alau of Marco Polo—was a grandson of Genghis Khan and the more youthful sibling of the Great Khans Mangu (Möngkë) and Kublai. At a kuriltai, or get together of the Mongol sovereigns, held in 1251 at the hour of Mangu’s increase, it was concluded that Hulagu ought to combine the victories in western Asia by stifling the organization of the Ismailis, or Assassins of Alamut, in northwestern Persia and afterward, if fundamental, assaulting the caliphate.
Hulagu left Mongolia in the harvest time of 1253 at the top of an enormous armed force. Voyaging gradually along a painstakingly arranged course, from which all common deterrents had been eliminated, he didn’t cross the Oxus, at that point the boondocks between the Chaghatai Khanate and Persia, until the start of 1256. Before that year’s over most of the Ismaili strongholds had been caught, and the Grand Master himself was a detainee in Mongol hands. He was shipped off Mongolia, where he was executed by the request for the Great Khan, and with the discount slaughter of the Ismailis that followed, the faction was everything except cleared out.
The late spring of 1257 was gone through in conciliatory trades with the caliph al-Mustasim from Hulagu’s base camp in the Hamadan territory. The Caliph would not agree to Mongol requests for accommodation, and in the harvest time Hulagu’s powers started to meet on Baghdad. On Jan. 17, 1258, the Caliph’s military was crushed in fight; on the 22nd Hulagu showed up face to face before the dividers of Baghdad; the city gave up on February 10, and after 10 days al-Mustasim was killed. The story, natural from the pages of Marco Polo and Longfellow’s Kambalu, of the Caliph’s in effect left to starve in a pinnacle brimming with gold and silver is fanciful; he was most likely abounded in a floor covering and pounded the life out of or stomped on all together not to shed imperial blood, such being the Mongols’ custom in the execution of their own rulers. With his demise the Islamic organization of the caliphate reached a conclusion, in spite of the fact that it was misleadingly saved by the Mamluk leaders of Egypt and the title was subsequently accepted by the Ottoman rulers
From Baghdad, Hulagu pulled out into Azerbaijan, henceforward bound to be the seat of the Il-Khanid administration, and from here in the harvest time of 1259 he set out to overcome Syria. Aleppo was taken after a short attack, Damascus gave up without a blow, and by the late-spring of 1260 the Mongols had arrived at Gaza on the boondocks with Egypt. Nonetheless, information on the passing of his sibling the Great Khan Mangu in China caused Hulagu to re-visitation of Persia, and the drained armed force that he had given up was definitively vanquished by the Egyptians at Ain Jalut in Palestine on Sept. 3, 1260.
In 1262-1263 Hulagu was engaged with threats in the Caucasus region with his cousin Berke, the leader of the Golden Horde and the partner of his foes, the Mamluk leaders of Egypt. Hulagu’s soldiers were from the start triumphant, crossing the Terek into Berke’s domain, yet were then determined back with weighty misfortunes; many were suffocated in the stream when the ice gave path under their ponies’ hooves. Aside from the subduing of risings in Mosul and Fars, this was the remainder of Hulagu’s missions. He passed on Feb. 8, 1265, and was covered on an extraordinary stone transcending the shore of the island of Shahi in Lake Urmia. He was the remainder of the Mongol sovereigns to be concurred the conventional barbarian internment, a few young ladies being entombed with him to serve their lord in the great beyond.
The realm which Hulagu had established involved, notwithstanding Persia and the conditions of the southern Caucasus, the present-day Iraq and eastern Turkey. He and his replacements bore the title of Il-Khan (subordinate khan) as vassals of the Great Khan in Mongolia and a while later in China. He, when all is said and done, either still clung to the shamanist convictions of his progenitors or was a proselyte to Buddhism, yet his main spouse, Dokuz, was a Nestorian Christian, as Hulagu’s mom had been, and uncommon kindness was appeared to the Christians during his rule. Like a few of his replacements, he was an incredible manufacturer, the most celebrated of his buildings being an extraordinary observatory on a slope north of Maragha, where Moslem, Christian, and Far Eastern researchers completed their investigates.
Mongol ruler and originator of the Il-khanid administration who, while assuming a significant part in the pulverization of middle age Iranian and Iraqi human progress, encouraged learning through his help to al-Tusi and others. Grandson of Genghis Khan, Hulagu was sent toward the west by his sibling Mangu, Genghis’ replacement as Great Khan. Hulagu broke the intensity of the Assassin group (1256), executed the remainder of the Abbasid caliphs and obliterated Baghdad (1258), at that point, because of the Mamluks in Nazareth, turned into the principal Mongol pioneer to endure a genuine destruction (1260). Subsequently he set up the capital of his new line at Maragheh, presently in Azerbaijan, where he supported al-Tusi’s production of a remarkable observatory.