The Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) or Tongzhi Hui Revolt .Hui (Muslim) Minorities War was a war battled in nineteenth century western China, generally during the rule of the Tongzhi Emperor (r. 1861–1875) of the Qing tradition.
The term some of the time remembers the Panthay Rebellion for Yunnan, which happened during a similar period. Nonetheless, this article relates explicitly to the uprising by individuals from the Muslim Hui and other Muslim ethnic gatherings in China’s Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia territories, just as in Xinjiang, somewhere in the range of 1862 and 1877.
The contention prompted a populace deficiency of 20.77 million individuals in Shaanxi and Gansu because of movement and war-related passing, begun by mobs of the Hui and slaughters of the Han Chinese, joined by the vengeance executing of Hui by the Han. In view of examination by present day history specialists, at any rate 4 million Hui were in Shaanxi before the revolt, just 20,000 stayed in the region while the remainder of the Hui were totally killed in slaughters and responses by government and volunteer army powers or ousted out of the territory. 700,000 to 800,000 Hui in Shaanxi who were expelled to Gansu were slaughtered en route to Gansu by the volunteer army completing the removals until a couple thousand of them stayed alive. Huge numbers of them additionally passed on from thirst and starvation on the excursion to Gansu. As indicated by post-war agreement, 74.5% populace decrease was accounted for in Gansu, and 44.7% in Shaanxi.Many non military personnel passings were additionally brought about by starvation because of war conditions. Enormous quantities of Han individuals were additionally moved to Inner Mongolia after the war.
The uprising happened on the western bank of the Yellow River in Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia, however avoided Xinjiang Province. A disordered undertaking, it regularly elaborate assorted fighting groups and military pioneers with no normal reason or a solitary explicit objective. A typical misguided judgment is that the revolt was coordinated against the Qing line, however no proof shows that the revolutionaries planned to assault the capital, Beijing, or to oust the whole Qing government, yet to get retribution on their own foes for injustices.When the revolt fizzled, mass migration of the Dungan individuals from Ili to Imperial Russia followed.
In this article “Dungan individuals” alludes explicitly to Hui individuals, who are a prevalently Muslim ethnic gathering in China. They are once in a while called “Chinese Muslims” and ought not to be mistaken for the “Turkestanis” or “Turkic” individuals referenced, who are Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyzes, Tatars and Uzbeks among others.
The ethnic gathering currently known as Uyghur individuals was not known by that name before the twentieth century. The Uyghurs in the Tarim Basin were known as “Turki”. Uyghur migrants from the Tarim Basin to Ili were classified “Taranchi”. The cutting edge name “Uyghur” was allocated to this ethnic gathering by the Soviet Union in 1921 at a meeting in Tashkent, with the name “Uyghur” taken from the old Uyghur Khaganate. Accordingly, sources from the time of the Dungan revolt make no notices of Uyghurs.
In spite of the fact that “Hui” was (and is) the Chinese name for Muslim individuals of Han ethnic foundation, Europeans generally alluded to them as “Dungan” or “Tungan” during the Dungan revolt.
The terms “Andijanis” or “Kokandis” include the subjects of the Kokand Khanate — Uzbeks, Sarts, Southern Kyrgyzes, Ferghana Kipchaks and Tajiks. The Kokand army was predominantly formed from Uzbeks and nomadic Kyrgyz and Kipchaks.