• Thu. Aug 5th, 2021

DR. A.P.J Abdul Kalam

DR.A.P.J, Abdul Kalam’s full name is “Abul Pakir Zainulgabdin Abdul Kalam”. Dr. Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Muslim family in Dhanushkodi village in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu.



They lived in a joint family. He had brothers and 5 sisters. His father Jainulabdeen was a sailor and his mother Ashiyamma was a homemaker. His father was not very educated. Despite this, he was deeply impressed by his father’s passion and values.His father used to say, “When the difficulty comes, try to understand the reason for the difficulty, Mushkile gives herself a chance to test”. As a child, Qatam was also greatly influenced by his relative Ahmed Zalauddin.would tell him the story of science technology and the inspiring people. He was 15 years older than Dr. Kalam. Then they became very good friends, both of them used to go for a walk in the evening and their first stop would be Shiva temple They revolve around Shiva temple with reverence as they read Namaz. Dr. Kalam’s childhood was spent in poverty. Due to the poor financial condition of his family, he had to sell newspapers along with his studies. In which his cousin Samasudin helped.He was like a normal child in childhood, but he was fond of learning new things from childhood. When they saw birds flying, they felt like flying and also wondered how these birds fly.

Education of DR. kalam

Dr. Kalam completed his schooling from Sehwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram. Continuing his studies in 1950, he completed his intermediate from Saint Josephs college, Tiruchirappalli. And from there Dr. Kalam did Hons in BSB Phyales.



At that time, Kalam did not know much about hither education. Physies – After doing Homs they came to know that Physies was not their confession. He realized at that time that he should have gone to Engineering to fulfill his dreams.To fulfill this dream, he applied to the Mactras Institute of Technology. His name figured in the list, but he had no money for fees. To pay his fees, his mother sold her bracelets and paid the fees.He got admission in college. In the days of the Colleges, Dr. Kalam’s value lay on two unused ships kept in his vapus. Dr. Kalam had a lot of pressure on those ships. After the end of Balas, he would have grown up there. When he liked to tune his main subject, he chose “Jantari Engineering” keeping in mind his interest.Wow! After engineering, he joined Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bangalore as a trainee. When he came out of the jar as an Aeronautical Engineer, he had two options, one chance to enter the Air Force and the other chance to go to the Ministry of Defense.Dr. Kalam applied to both the places and calls for interviews came from both the places. First they interviewed the Ministry of Defense, the interview was also good.He then went to Dehradun to interview the Airforce. His number 9 came out of 25 candidates and the sheet was only 8, he was also very sad. His childhood dream of joining the Airforce broke.He then moved to Rishikesh. There he reached Shivananda’s ashram. There he met Swami Shivananda. Dr. Kalam tells him about his disappointment. Shivananda encouraged them that you will surely get success.

His contribution towards science and space research.

After that Dr. Kalam returned to Delhi and he went there to check the result of the interview given in Defense. He was selected and was appointed to the post of Senior Scientific Assistant. At that time he used to get 250 rupees.There he worked for 3 years. After that his transfer Aeronautical Development of Bangalore. Establishment (ADE). There he worked for 3 years and built a Swadeshi Harvard craft, which was named Nandi.The project was later called off due to differences. Dr. Kalam was also disappointed by this. A few days later, Dr. Kalam received an interview call from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the post of Rocket engineer.He went to Mumbai for an interview and was selected as the selection Rocket engineer there. After working there, he went to NASA (US) for 6 months to train for rocket launching.India’s first rocket was launched on November 21, 1963, after coming back from NASA. Whose name was Nike-Apache.On 17 August 1979, SLV-3 was launched under the leadership of Dr. Kalam. Which was built at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Center, at that time the chairman was Professor Satish Dhawan. But due to some disturbance, the SLV-3 launch failed.For Dr. Kalam it was nothing short of shock. He was very tired. While he was resting in his room, Professor Satish Dhawan came to his room and he said to Kalam, you have to join the press conference of the media with me.You have to go with me and I will face the press conference. You have to be with me. Here Professor Satish Dhawan took the responsibility of this failure on his own works. And assured the people of India that we have failed, but we will work on it again and succeed.At that time, Dr. Kalam understood the meaning of leadership, how Professor Satish Dhawan took his failure on himself. 1 year later, on 18 July 1980 the Rohini Satellite RS-1 was launched and now this satellite did not stop, but reached its target.

Now India joined the few countries that had the capability to launch satellite. After 30 minutes of the satellite launch, Professor Satish Dhawan got a call from Dr. Kalam. He said that you have to attend the press conference now.Dr. Kalam tells about this, this is what true leadership is, who takes the responsibility of failure on himself and gives credit to the team for success.Just 1 month after the success of SLV-3, Professor Satish Dhawan called Dr. Kalam to meet the Prime Minister. Dr. Kalam was honored with Padma Bhushan on Republic Day of 1981. In 1982, Dr. Kalam was again appointed as Director of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO ). Now he began to shift his attention to indigenous target piercing controlled missiles.In 1990, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was again awarded the Padma Vibhushan. He then served as Science Advisor to the Defense Minister during his tenure from 1992 to 1999. Seeing Dr. Kalam’s contribution towards India in 1997, he was awarded the “Bharat Ratna”, India’s highest civilian honor, under his leadership in which India conducted its second successful nuclear test.

Dr kalam becoming president of india

In 2002, Dr. Kalam was nominated for the post of President. On 25 July 2002, Dr. Kalam was sworn in as the 11th President of India. Dr. Abdul Kalam was not a political figure. He was also called the ‘President of the people’ during his tenure.After his retirement from the post of President, Dr. Kalam started focusing on works like teaching, writing, guidance and research. Along with this, he started working as a visiting professor in many institutions.

Dr. Kalam started “what can i give” for the future of the youth of the country, which was aimed at eliminating corruption.

Death of Dr kalam

On 27 July 2015, Dr. Abdul Kalam was delivering his lecture on ‘habitable planets’ in IIM Shillog. Then he fell unconscious due to a heart attack. After that he was brought to the hospital, after 2 hours his death was confirmed.



Birds had broken the cage, Kalam had said goodbye to this world and India had lost a son. A personality like Dr. Kalam is born once in thousands of years. He was a scientist and a true human being besides the President. I salute such a person.She also had a movie in 2011 titled “I Am Kalam”. The film is a Hindi film produced in 201l directed by Neil Madhav Panda and produced by Smile Foundation.



Reffrence By

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia

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