Bihar is situated in the eastern piece of India and is the third most crowded state in the country and thirteenth biggest state nearby. The state is spread over a region of 695 km north of south, though its width from east to west is 483 km. Nepal in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the west, Jharkhand in the south and encompassed by West Bengal in the east is a quadrilateral looking like Bihar.
The state appreciates a remarkable area explicit bit of leeway as a result of its nearness to the huge business sectors of eastern and northern India, admittance to ports like Kolkata and Haldia and to crude material sources and mineral stores from the adjoining states.
Bihar is one of the most grounded horticultural states. Like different conditions of India, around 80%, three-fourths of the number of inhabitants in the state relies upon agribusiness and creature cultivation, which is a lot higher than the public normal.
It is the fourth biggest maker of vegetables and the eight biggest makers of organic products in India. Food preparing, dairy, sugar, assembling, and medical services are a portion of the quickly developing ventures in the state. The state has arranged activities for the improvement of different areas like instruction and the travel industry and furthermore gives motivating forces to data innovation and environmentally friendly power.
The state has an enormous base of financially savvy modern work, making it an ideal objective for a wide scope of enterprises. Bihar is set apart with extensive geographic, social-efficient and social variety. It is supplied with a huge piece of the prolific Gangetic fields and well as high countries plentiful in mineral stores and backwoods.
Just 11.3 percent of Bihar’s populace lives in urban areas, which is the most reduced after Himachal Pradesh. Old Bihar was an exceptionally huge focus of instruction, force, and learning. Maurya and Gupta Dynasty controlled this region for an impressive time. During the ’70s, Bihar was undeniably less monetarily and socially than different conditions of India. In any case, because of the public authority’s arrangements and ventures, Bihar is on the way of improvement.
Bihar history can be followed back to the Prehistoric Period and is extremely antiquated. The soonest history can be followed in the Hindu epic of Ramayana. Mithila was the origination of Lord Ram spouse, Sita. The creator of The Ramayan, Maharishi Valmiki live in old Bihar.
Mahajanpada period and the standard of the Magadhan realm carries greatness to old Bihar. Pataliputra (Patna) was the capital of old India’s amazing Magadha realm.
Bihar has encountered different intrusions from various traditions. Two of India’s most radiant administrations, Mauryas (321 – 185 BCE) and Guptas (320 to 550 CE) prospered in old Bihar area which was then known as Magadh.
The Mauryan sovereign, Ashoka (conceived c.304 BCE, kicked the bucket c. 232 BCE), who was brought into the world in Pataliputra (Patna) is accepted to be perhaps the best ruler throughout the entire existence of the world.
The Great King Ashoka of Mauryan tradition whose realm spread across South Asia, had his capital in Pataliputra that is available Patna. It was a prosperous focus of India’s antiquated civilization. Bihar has been related with Chandragupta Maurya and Emperor Ashoka perhaps the best domain in India. There were 19 thousand Buddhist cloisters in Magadha during Emperor Ashoka.
The engravings of Ashok, his Dharma, and different highlights like Ashoka column have been consolidated in the free Republic of India. The Dharma chakra is joined into the public banner of India, The Indian tricolor and the figure of four lions on a platform, with the engraving of a wheel, was embraced as the Official Seal of the autonomous Republic of India.
The extraordinary profound method of Buddhism began and flourished in antiquated Bihar, as Budda accomplished his illumination in Bodhgaya. Thusly the district is loaded with stays of the religious communities known as Stupa. Jain pioneer Mahavira likewise had a place with this district and accomplished his Nirvana at Pawapuri.
In the twelfth century, the intrusion of Muhammad container Khilji brought about Nalanda and Taxila schools obliteration alongside a huge number of Buddhist priests.
Master Govind Singh, the 10th and last Guru of the Sikhs, was brought into the world in Patna. The Har Mandir Takht worked by Maharaja Ranjit Singh to remember his origin is viewed as one of the five ‘Akal Takht’s by the Sikhs.
In the bygone eras, Bihar was at its top during the rule of Sher Shah Suri who established the city of Patna on the antiquated place that is known for Pataliputra. The rule of the incomparable Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri who administered from Patna and assembled the Grand Trunk Road the longest street of India. Bihar saw a range of five years of good administration.
During the opportunity battle, Bihar has some most prominent reforms like Khudiram Bose, Prafulla Chaki and Chandrasekhar Azad.
During British standard, Mahatma Gandhi began his first trial of Satyagraha development from the Champaran locale against the persecution of the indigo ranchers by the Britishers. Bihar stayed a piece of the Bengal Presidency of British India until December 1911, when it was isolated from the Bengal Presidency while Bihar and Orissa included a solitary region.
The constitution of the United Bihar and Orissa was changed to isolate the territory of Bihar in 1936. The current type of Bihar appeared on 01 November 1956. In 2000, Jharkhand was made separate state from Bihar.
Culture and Tradition
Bihar has a rich social legacy, its the place that is known for Buddhism and Jainism. Bihar is known as “The Land of Buddha” where Gautam Buddha accomplished edification at Bodh Gaya.
Bihar is a condition of the socially most blended populace. We have Hindu, Muslim, Jain, Buddhists, Sikhs, Christians living here. Bihar has a rich social foundation to be glad for it is related with ‘Samudra Manthan’ of the Vedic time, Sita of Rama and Karna of Mahabharata. Individuals are modest, genuine, aiding and certain of themselves.
Individuals of Bihar commend celebrations and strict occasions with extraordinary joy and love. The principle celebration of Bihar is Chhath Puja, where the sun god is loved. While different celebrations like Sama-Chakeva, Ramnavami, Makar-Sankranti, Bihula, Madhushravani, Teej, Pitrapaksha Mela, Sonepur reasonable and Shravani Mela are commended with extraordinary energy.
Other celebration of country like Saraswati Puja, Holi, Ramzan, Bakrid, Mahashivaratri, Durga Puja, Diwali, Buddha Purnima, Christmas and Mahavir Jayanti are praised as well.
In Bihar significant language spoken is Hindi, while Urdu and Santali are additionally spoken. Hindi is the authority language of the state while Maithili, Bhojpuri, Angika, and Magahi are likewise broadly spoken in the state.
The foods for individuals of Bihar are both veggie lover and non-vegan. Non-vegetarianism is still less because of Buddhism and Jainism convictions, as Buddhism and Jainism advance vegetarianism. Roti, Daal, Sabji are the fundamental food of Biharis.
Individuals of Bihar are partial to eating Litti Choka, a portion of the well known Bihari dishes are Bihari Kebab, Litti-Chokha, Bihari Boti, Bihari Chicken Masala, Sattu Paratha, Chokha, and fish curry.
The customary dress of Bihari individuals is dhoti-kurta for men and saree for ladies. The impact of western wear has affected a many individuals in Bihar and individuals wear western shirts and pants. Western wear is getting well known among metropolitan individuals as well as among the provincial male populace.
Salwar kameez if the fundamental dress for ladies of metropolitan Bihar and ladies wear saree in “Seedha Aanchal” style customarily. Tussar Silk saree is the most utilized in Bihari outfits.
Music and Dance
Bihar has a ton of commitment to Indian traditional music. It has created performers like Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad artists like the Malliks and the Mishras alongside writers like Vidyapati Thakur who added to Maithili Music. The old style music in Bihar is a type of Hindustani traditional music.
Chhau dance is extremely mainstream among ancestral individuals, Bidesia is a famous society dance of Bihar and is more common in the Bhojpuri talking districts of Bihar. Jat-Jatin is famous in north Bihar, Jijya is additionally one of the prominent dance of Bihar.
There are different conventional styles of painting which are well known in Bihar. Mithali Paintings, a style of Indian artistic creation utilized in the Mithila area of Bihar likewise called Madhubani craftsmanship. It was before done on mud dividers however today they are done on fabric, hand tailored paper, and material. The canvas is finished with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens and match sticks utilizing common color and mineral shades.
Patna School of Painting called Patna Qalaam, Company Painting and was a branch of the notable Mughal Miniature School of Painting prospered in Bihar during mid eighteenth to the mid twentieth century. The style is renowned for its delicate tones and the utilization of hand made paper or mica sheets. The majority of these artistic creations portray the existence of individuals of Bihar.
Towns of Bihar make entrancing handiworks. Fabulous bamboo articles, cowhide works, sculptures comprised of white metal, wooden toys and crates produced using stick and bamboo are accessible in bounty.
Bihar is well known for Sujini weaving, Sikki Grass work, Yampuri Puppetry, Tikuli Work, Bangle making, stonework, wood decorate, Lacquerware, Pottery works, Bamboo works, and printed material.
The travel industry
Bihar’s artifact is obvious from its name, which is gotten from the antiquated word “VIHARA” (cloister). It is undoubtedly a place that is known for religious communities.
The entry of Ganga, streaming wide and profound improve the fields of Bihar prior to disseminating in Bengal’s deltoid zone. There are spots to visit in Buddhist, Jain, Ramayana, Sufi, Sikh, Shiv Shakti, Bihar’s artifact is obvious from its name, have large amounts of this old land where India’s first significant domains rose and fell.
Among every Indian state, Bihar is the one most personally connected to the Buddha’s life, bringing about a path of journeys which have come to be known as the Buddhist circuit.
There are spots to visit for Buddhist Circuit, Jain Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Sufi Circuit, Gandhi Circuit, Sikh Circuit, Shiv Shakti Circuit, and Eco Circuit which have numerous prestigious spots to visit.