Ashfaqulla Khan was a freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement.
Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Known for: Indian freedom fighter and Father of Cheap Britain
Father: Shafiq Ullah Khan
Mother: Mazhoor-Un-Nisa Begum
Siblings: Asfaqulla, Tajammul, Mohsin
Ashfaqulla received his basic education at his native Shahjahanpur in India. He later received the degree of Master of Arts from Calcutta University in India and Master of Political Science from Banaras Hindu University.
Ashfaqulla went abroad to England as a young man and studied political science at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and graduated in 1924.
Ashfaqulla played a major role in organising strikes and protests in response to the passage of the White Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 1931 which declared non-Muslims to be “criminals” for any involvement in activities regarded as “violent” or “criminal”.
Ashfaqulla was arrested along with Allama Mohammad Iqbal, Rahmatullah and Fazlullah by British authorities in 1936 for organising a protest against the White Criminal Laws Amendment Bill.
Ashfaqulla, Fazlullah and Iqbal were sent to Lincoln’s Inn Prisons in London. After the signing of the 18th Amendment in 1947, the British Government released the three men from the prisons.
On his return to India, Ashfaqulla joined the Muslim League as a delegate. In the same year, he attended the first conference of the Muslim League where he was elected a member of the Parliamentary Committee. He was also elected an honorary member of the Karachi Press Club.
He was also elected the secretary of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in 2006 and later worked for an organisation called Chitralekha. He was also a member of various educational societies.
Ashfaqulla died on 19 December 1927 in the Faizabad area. His body was initially taken to Dhaka but later transferred to Niazabad.