• Fri. Jul 30th, 2021

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Bybombay 60

Mar 6, 2021 , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Hakim Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (born 854 – died 925) , Arabic/persian:-محمّد زکرياى رازى . was a Persian scientist, physicist, physicist and philosopher.

He was born in the year 854CE in the city of Ray in persia (modern day iran) situated on the Great Silk Road that for centuries facilitated trade and cultural exchanges between East and West.
His nisba, Râzī (رازی), means “from the city of Ray” in Persian . It is located on the southern slopes of the Alborz mountain range situated near Tehran, Iran.
He was a famous Muslim scholar, physician, philosopher, astrologer and chemist. Galen became known as the Arab. Hippocrates is said to have invented medicine, Galenus to have revived medicine, Razi to have assembled various disciplines, and Ibn Sina to have completed it. In his youth he was fond of music and then he became well versed in literature and philosophy, mathematics and astronomy and chemistry and medicine.
In irrigation, Al-Razi became famous and traveled the country and worked as the head of a hospital. He had many letters in various fields of diseases and wrote in all branches of medicine and knowledge in that era, and some of them were translated into Latin, so that the main references in medicine continued until the seventeenth century. “Al-Mansour” in medicine and the book “Single Medicines”, which includes a precise description of the anatomy of the body’s organs. He was the first to invent surgical sutures [in question], and to manufacture ointments, and he had books on pharmacology that contributed to the advancement of pharmacology. And he has 200 books and articles on various aspects of the world.

In the history of the world, where the names of many physicians are mentioned, the name of “Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Zakaria Razi” is taken as the Imam of medical science. As life’s responsibilities grew, so did the art of alchemy. He believed that thanks to alchemy, he would soon become rich by converting low-cost metals into gold. The methods of chemistry that were popular at that time were to mix different herbs and keep the metal on fire for days and even months. Zakaria Razi also adopted this method. They had to go to drugstores to get medicines and herbs. In this regard, he befriended a pharmacist. So he would usually sit at her shop in his spare time. This gradually led to his interest in medicine. One day, in the pursuit of alchemy, his eyes were scorched by the flames. He went to a doctor for treatment. The doctor demanded a good fee for the treatment. At that moment, it dawned on Razi that the real alchemy was not the one in which he had been heading. So Razi now turned his attention to the study of medicine. He left for Baghdad to study medicine. Ali bin Rabban Tabari, the famous author of “Firdous Al-Hikmat” was still alive in Baghdad at that time. Razi learned all the secrets of medicine from this great teacher and achieved greatness in it with great effort. In 908, he was promoted to senior officer at Baghdad’s Central Hospital, the largest hospital in the Islamic world at the time, where he served for 17 years. He spent this time in medical research and writing. His most famous book, Hawi, is a relic of that era. Hawi is actually a great medical encyclopedia in which he gathered all the medical sciences that had been compiled over the centuries through the efforts of the pioneers, and then completed it with his personal research.

Al-Razi’s works were considered the most authoritative in Europe until the seventeenth century, when they were translated into Latin and taught as a syllabus in European schools. His books were translated into Latin, especially in medicine, physics and chemistry, and the last part of it was translated into modern European languages ​​and studied in European universities, especially in the Netherlands, where Al-Razi’s books were among the main references in Dutch universities until the seventeenth century. And there is a famous story indicating the intelligence of Al-Razi is (that one of the caliphs ordered him to build a hospital in a suitable place in Baghdad and thought and put pieces of meat in a wooden pole in several places in Baghdad, and he used to pass over them to see which pieces rotted and when he found the last piece rotted, the order to build the hospital In this place, because his face is pure and free of smoke and dust, and because the sick need fresh air free of pollutants, and from that event, Al-Razi was famous for his intelligence, and he was known for his love of poetry and music in his youth and loved medicine when he reached his age and in his old age.

According to Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi died on Wednesday, 5 Sha’ban 313 AH, on October 26, 925, at the age of 61 years in the city of Ray.








bombay 60

Bombay60 internet website News, Entertainment, knowledge And travels Blog most amazing and popular website .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *