Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah, referred to with his honorific as Maulana Barkatullah, was an Indian progressive with compassion toward the Pan-Islamic development. Barkatullah was brought into the world on 7 July 1854 at Itwra Mohalla Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, India.
Born: 7 July 1854, Bhopal
Died : 20 September 1927, San Francisco, California, United States
President: Mahendra Pratap College of Madhya Pradesh University
Born in India on 7 July 1854. As the author of “The Unity of Muslim Faith and Civilization” and the following three books, he is known as one of the founders of Indian Muslim unity.
Barakatullah is well-known for advocating the unity of Indian Muslim on the lines of “Tawhid-e-Imaniyyah” and to oppose political separatism, religious fascism and other deviations from Islamic teachings.
Born in the medieval period, he was raised and educated in the “Mahabharata” period, i.e., after 1000 A.D.
He was born in India in the “Mahabharata” era, around A.D. 1854. He was brought up and educated in the ancient Indian epic “Mahabharata” era, around A.D. 1000. He strongly believed in the ‘Mahabharata’ era. He also strongly believed that ancient Indian thinkers such as Vyasa, Bhagavad Gita, Baudhayana, and Jaimini had always encouraged the cultivation of virtue. He also believed that ancient Indian philosophy such as “Vyasa”s “Yoga”, “Samkhya”, and “Tantrasara”, Baudhayana’s “Dharmasutras” and “Prasthi”, and Jaimini’s “Brihaspati Samhitas” also greatly influenced world civilization.
In 1867, the British rulers forcefully converted him to Christianity by administering holy communion. He returned to Islam under a Muslim religious leader, Maulana Sarbananda Rai, in April 1869. He joined Arya Samaj in 1875, established his own “Rukn i’l-Arbi” (House of Wisdom) in Madhya Pradesh’s Bhopal city and supported the concept of Pan-Islamic unity.
His spiritual quest in his search for God led him to explore the sources of Islamic knowledge in diverse fields of study, thus resulting in the production of “The Unity of Muslim Faith and Civilization” (1897), “Muslim History” (1899) and “Tareekh-e-Maulana Barkatullah” (1907). He traveled extensively, writing hundreds of letters to learned scholars in different parts of the world. The letters were published in a book titled “Maulana Barkatullah on Tour” in 1913. The book was reprinted twice.
On the subjects of women and property, he wrote “Why Marriage is Essential to Civilization” (1895) and “Youth and Women”, in 1905.
In 1903 he led the Indian Muslims to support the creation of an Islamic League at the second Dabhol Convention in Bombay. Barkatullah was a leading critic of Indian Muslim separatism and for the promotion of pan-Islamic unity. In 1905 he spoke out against the final resolution of the Aga Khan’s mission to the Hajj, denouncing it as an attempt to establish an independent kingdom.
He was president of Mahendra Pratap College, Bhopal, since 1926.
He died on 20 September 1927 and is buried in Bhopal’s Grand Cemetery.
Books about Barkatullah
Barkatullah, Barkatullah, The Unity of Muslim Faith and Civilization (1957). ISBN
Akkundiau, Ram (2012). Prophecy of Completeness: Hafiz Barkatullah – Mystic Islam and Pan-Islam . Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7603-7811-9.
Haleem, Saqib (2016). Zoroastrian Great Priest of Karbala, Bakhtey Barkatullah (1854-1927). Mirza University Press. ISBN 978-8697899348.
Joshi, Premanand (2016). Great Freedom Fighters: The Life and Works of Maulana Barkatullah , Vol. 1 – Travels in India and Europe – The Upright Prophet of Islam . Darul Uloom Deoband . ISBN 978-9642016420.
Sandhu, Ashraf (2011). The Life and Work of Maulana Barkatullah (15 June 1857 – 20 September 1927). India Book House. ISBN 978-81-57327-38-7.