• Thu. Sep 23rd, 2021

Billionaire land mogul and former reality television personality Donald Trump is that the 45th president of the us .

Who Is Donald Trump?
Donald Trump was the 45th President of the United States; he took office on January 20, 2017. Previously, he was a true estate mogul and a former reality television star . In 1980, he opened the Grand Hyatt ny , which made him the city’s best-known developer. In 2004, Trump began starring within the hit NBC reality series The Apprentice. Trump turned his attention to politics, and in 2015 he announced his candidacy for president of the us on the Republican ticket. Trump became the official Republican candidate for president on July 19, 2016, and upset Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton on November 8, 2016, to become the 45th president of the us . Four years later, Trump lost his bid for reelection to former vice chairman Joe Biden.

Early Life and Education
Donald John Trump was born on Flag Day , 1946, in Queens, New York. He was an active , assertive child. within the 1950s, the Trumps’ wealth increased with the postwar land boom. Trump was raised Presbyterian by his mother, and he identifies as a mainline Protestant.

At age 13, Trump’s parents sent him to the ny academy , hoping the discipline of the varsity would channel his energy during a positive manner. He did well at the academy, both socially and academically, rising to become a star athlete and student leader by the time he graduated in 1964.

Trump entered Fordham University in 1964. He transferred to the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania two years later and graduated in 1968 with a degree in economics.

During his years at school , Trump worked at his father’s land business during the summer. He also secured education deferments for the draft for the Vietnam War and ultimately a 1-Y medical deferment after he graduated.

Parents and Siblings
Trump’s father, Frederick Trump, was a builder and land developer who specialized in constructing and operating middle-income apartments in Queens, Staten Island and Brooklyn.

Trump’s mother, Mary MacLeod, immigrated from Tong, Scotland, in 1929 at the age of 17. She and Fred Trump married in 1936. The couple settled in Jamaica, Queens, an area that was, at the time, crammed with Western European immigrants. because the family’s wealth increased, Mary became a replacement York socialite and philanthropist.

Fred died in 1999, and Mary gave up the ghost the subsequent year.


Trump is that the fourth of 5 children.

Maryanne Trump Barry was a senior judge of the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, but took an inactive stats soon after her brother became president.
Fred Trump Jr. worked briefly together with his father then became a pilot. He struggled with alcohol and died in 1981 at the age of 43, prompting Donald to announce that he never drinks alcohol or take drugs. “He had a profound impact on my life, because you never know where you are going to finish up,” Trump said.
Elizabeth Trump Grau may be a retired banker who is married to film maker James Grau.
Robert Trump was Donald’s younger brother who spent much of his career working for the family company. He died in 2020, aged 71.

Melania Trump
Trump is currently married to former Slovenian model Melania Trump (née Knauss), who is quite 23 years his junior. In January 2005, the couple married during a highly-publicized and lavish wedding. Among the various celebrity guests at the marriage were Hillary Clinton and former President Clinton .

Ivana Trump
In 1977, Trump married his first wife Ivana Trump, (née Zelnickova Winklmayr), a replacement York mannequin who had been an alternate on the 1972 Czech Olympic Ski Team. She was named vice chairman responsible of design within the Trump Organization and played a serious role in supervising the renovation of the Commodore and therefore the Plaza Hotel.

The couple had three children together: Donald Trump Jr., Ivanka and Eric. They went through a highly publicized divorce that was finalized in 1992.

Marla Maples
In 1993 Trump married his second wife, Marla Maples, an actress with whom he had been involved for a few time and already had a daughter, Tiffany.

Trump would ultimately file for a highly publicized divorce from Maples in 1997, which became final in June 1999. A prenuptial agreement allotted $2 million to Maples.

Trump has five children. He and his first wife, Ivana Trump, had three children together: Donald Trump Jr., born in 1977; Ivanka Trump, born in 1981, and Eric Trump, born in 1984. Trump and his second wife, Marla Maples, had daughter Tiffany Trump in 1993. And current wife Melania Trump gave birth to Trump’s youngest child, Barron William Trump, in March 2006.

Trump’s sons — Donald Jr. and Eric— work as executive vice presidents for The Trump Organization. They took over the closed corporation while their father is president.

Trump’s daughter Ivanka was also an executive vice chairman of The Trump Organization. She left the business and her own fashion label to hitch her father’s administration and become an unpaid assistant to the president. Her husband, Jared Kushner, is additionally a senior adviser to President Trump.

Trump’s land and Businesses
Trump followed his father into a career in land development, bringing his grander ambitions to the closed corporation . Trump’s business ventures include The Trump Organization, Trump Tower, casinos in Atlantic City and tv franchises just like the Apprentice and Miss Universe. Trump has business deals with the Javits Center and therefore the Grand Hyatt ny , also as other land ventures in ny City, Florida and l. a. .

Federal income disclosure forms Trump filed in 2017 list Trump’s golf courses, including Trump National Doral and Mar-a-Lago in Florida, as earning about half his income. Other financial ventures include aircraft, merchandise and royalties from his two books, The Art of the Deal and Crippled America: the way to Make America Great Again.

The Art of the Deal
In 1987, Trump published the book The Art of the Deal, co-authored with Tony Schwartz. within the book, Trump describes how he successfully makes business deals.

“I DON’T roll in the hay for the cash . I’ve got enough, far more than I’ll ever need. I roll in the hay to try to to it. Deals are my kind ,” Trump wrote.

The book made the ny Times best-seller list, although the amount of copies sold has been debated; sales are estimated at between 1 to 4 million copies to-date. Schwartz later became an outspoken critic of the book and of Trump, saying he felt remorseful for helping make the president “more appealing than he’s .”

Over the years, Trump’s net worth are a topic of debate . Because Trump has not publicly released his tax returns, it’s impossible to definitively determine his wealth within the past or today. However, Trump valued his businesses a minimum of $1.37 billion on his 2017 federal financial disclosure form, published by the Office of state Ethics. Trump’s 2018 disclosure form put his revenue for the year at a minimum of $434 million from all sources.

In 1990, Trump asserted his own net worth within the neighborhood of $1.5 billion. At the time, the important estate market was in decline, reducing the worth of and income from Trump’s empire. The Trump Organization required a huge infusion of loans to stay it from collapsing, a situation that raised questions on whether the corporation could survive bankruptcy. Some observers saw Trump’s decline as symbolic of the many of the business, economic and social excesses that had arisen within the 1980s.

A May 2019 investigation by The ny Times of 10 years of Trump’s tax information found that between 1985 and 1994, his businesses lost money per annum . The newspaper calculated that Trump’s businesses suffered $1.17 billion in losses over the last decade .

Trump later defended himself on Twitter, calling the Times’ report “a highly inaccurate Fake News hit job!” He tweeted that he reported “losses for tax purposes,” which doing so was a “sport” among land developers.

Tax Returns
Trump’s net worth was questioned over the course of his 2016 presidential run, and he courted controversy after repeatedly refusing to release his tax returns while they were being audited by the interior Revenue Service. He didn’t release his tax returns during the election, and he has to not date. it had been the primary time a serious party candidate had not released such information to the general public before a presidential election since Nixon in 1972.

After Democrats regained control of the House with the 2018 elections, Trump again faced calls to release his tax returns. In April 2019, Congressman Richard Neal, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, requested six years’ worth of the president’s personal and business tax returns from the IRS. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin rejected the request, also as Neal’s follow-up subpoena for the documents.

In May the ny State Assembly passed legislation that authorized tax officials to release the president’s state returns to the chairmen of the House Ways and Means Committee, the Senate committee and therefore the Joint Committee on Taxation for any “specified and bonafide legislative purpose.” With ny City serving because the home base for the Trump Organization, it had been believed that the state returns would contain much of an equivalent information because the president’s federal returns.

In September 2019, Manhattan DA Cyrus Vance Jr. subpoenaed the firm Mazars USA for Trump’s personal and company tax returns dating back to 2011, prompting a challenge from the president’s lawyers. A Manhattan administrative district judge dismissed Trump’s lawsuit in October, though the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit agreed to temporarily delay enforcement of the subpoena while considering arguments within the case. a couple of days later, that very same appellate court rejected Trump’s bid to dam another subpoena issued to Mazars USA, this one from the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.

After the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to listen to arguments over whether the president could block the disclosure of his financial information to congressional committees and therefore the Manhattan DA in December 2019, the cases were presented to the Court the subsequent May.

In September 2020, The ny Times reported that Trump paid just $750 in federal income taxes in 2016 and 2017, and paid nothing in income taxes in 10 of the previous 15 years. A lawyer for the Trump Organization replied that “most, if not all, of the facts appear to be inaccurate” within the Times report.

Lawsuits and Investigations
Fair Housing Act Discrimination Trial
In 1973, the federal filed a complaint against Trump, his father and their company alleging that that they had discriminated against tenants and potential tenants supported their race, a violation of the Fair Housing Act, which is a component of the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

After a lengthy legal battle, the case was settled in 1975. As a part of the agreement, the Trump company had to coach employees about the Fair Housing Act and inform the community about its fair housing practices.

Trump wrote about the resolution of the case in his 1987 memoir Art of the Deal: “In the top , the govt couldn’t prove its case, and that we ended up taking a minor settlement without admitting any guilt.”

Trump University
In 2005, Trump launched his for-profit Trump University, offering classes in land and acquiring and managing wealth. The venture had been under scrutiny almost since its inception and at the time of his 2015 presidential bid, it remained the topic of multiple lawsuits.

In the cases, claimants accused Trump of fraud, false advertising and breach of contract. Controversy about the suits made headlines when Trump suggested that U.S. District Court Judge Gonzalo Curiel couldn’t be impartial in overseeing two class-action suit cases due to his Mexican heritage.

On November 18, 2016, Trump, who had previously vowed to require the interest trial, settled three of the lawsuits for $25 million without admission of liability. during a statement from ny Attorney General Eric Schneiderman, he called the settlement, “a stunning reversal by Trump and a serious victory for the over 6,000 victims of his fraudulent university.”

Donald J. Trump Foundation
Later, during a separate incident associated with Trump University, it had been reported that Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi decided to not join the prevailing ny fraud lawsuit. This came just days after she had received a large campaign donation from the Donald J. Trump Foundation, which was founded in 1988 as a personal charity organization designed to form donations to nonprofit groups. In November 2016, it had been reported that Bondi’s name was on Trump’s list as a possible U.S. Attorney General contender.

As a results of the improper donation to Bondi’s campaign, Trump was required to pay the IRS a penalty and his foundation came under scrutiny about the utilization of its funds for non-charitable activities. consistent with tax records, The Trump Foundation itself was found to possess received no charitable gifts from Trump since 2008, which all donations since that point had come from outside contributors.

In fall 2019, after Trump admitted to misusing money raised by his foundation to market his presidential campaign and settle debts, he was ordered to pay $2 million in damages, and therefore the foundation was forced to shutter its doors.

Political Party
Trump is currently registered as a Republican. He has switched parties several times within the past three decades.

In 1987, Trump registered as a Republican; two years later, in 1989, he registered as an Independent. In 2000, Trump ran for president for the primary time on the Reform platform. In 2001, he registered as a Democrat.

By 2009, Trump had switched back to the Republican Party , although he registered as an Independent in 2011 to permit for a possible run within the following year’s presidential election. He finally returned to the Republican Party to endorse Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential run and has remained a Republican since.

2016 Presidential Campaign vs. Clinton
Trump became the official Republican nominee for president within the 2016 presidential election against Democrat Clinton. Defying polls and media projections, he won the bulk of body votes during a stunning victory on November 8, 2016. Despite losing the favored vote to Hillary Clinton by almost 2.9 million votes, Trump’s electoral win — 306 body votes to Clinton’s 232 — clinched his victory because the 45th president of the us .

After one among the foremost contentious presidential races in U.S. history, Trump’s rise to the office of president was considered a powerful rejection of multinational politics by blue-collar and working-class Americans.

In his victory speech, Trump said: “I pledge to each citizen of our land that i will be able to be president for all Americans.” About his supporters, he said: “As I’ve said from the start , ours wasn’t a campaign, but rather a fantastic and great movement made from many hard-working men and ladies who love their country and need a far better , brighter future for themselves and for his or her families.”

Election Platforms
On July 21, 2016, Trump accepted the presidential nomination at the Republican National Convention in Cleveland. In his speech, he outlined the problems he would tackle as president, including violence in America, the economy, immigration, trade, terrorism, and therefore the appointment of Supreme Court justices.

On immigration, he said: “We are getting to build an excellent border wall to prevent illegal immigration, to prevent the gangs and therefore the violence, and to prevent the drugs from pouring into our communities.”

He also promised supporters that he would renegotiate trade deals, reduce taxes and government regulations, repeal the Affordable Care Act (otherwise referred to as Obamacare), defend Second Amendment gun rights, and “rebuild our depleted military,” asking the countries the U.S. is protecting “to pay their justifiable share .”

On January 20, 2017, Trump was sworn in because the 45th president of the us by judge of the us John Roberts. Trump took the oath of office placing his hand on the Bible that was used at Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration and his circle of relatives Bible, which was presented to him by his mother in 1955 when he graduated from Sunday school at his family’s Presbyterian Church .

In his inaugural speech on January 20th, Trump sent a populist message that he would put the American people above politics. “What truly matters isn’t which party controls our government, but whether our government is controlled by the people,” he said. “January 20, 2017, are going to be remembered because the day the people became the rulers of this nation again.”

He went on to color a bleak picture of an America that had failed many of its citizens, describing families trapped in poverty, an ineffective education system, and crime, drugs and gangs. “This American carnage stops right here and stops immediately ,” he said.

The day after Trump’s inauguration, many protesters demonstrated across the us and round the world. The Women’s advance Washington drew over half 1,000,000 people to protest Trump’s stance on a spread of issues starting from immigration to environmental protection.

First 100 Days
The first 100 days of Trump’s presidency lasted from January 20, 2017, until April 29, 2017. within the first days of his presidency, Trump issued variety of back-to-back executive orders to form good on a number of his campaign promises, also as several orders aimed toward rolling back policies and regulations that were put into place during the Obama administration.

Several of Trump’s key policies that got rolling during Trump’s first 100 days in office included his first Supreme Court nomination; steps toward building a wall on the Mexico border; a travel ban for several predominantly Muslim countries; the primary moves to dismantle the Affordable Care Act; and therefore the U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement.

In addition, Trump signed orders to implement a federal freeze , withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and reinstate the Mexico City policy that bans federal funding of nongovernmental organizations abroad that promote or perform abortions.

He signed an order to reduce financial regulation under the Dodd-Frank Act, created by the Obama administration and gone by Congress after the financial crisis of 2008. And he involved a lifetime foreign-lobbying ban for members of his administration and a five-year ban for all other lobbyings.

On March 16, 2017, the president released his proposed budget. The budget outlined his plans for increased spending for the military, veterans affairs and national security, including building a wall on the border with Mexico.

It also made drastic cuts to several government agencies including the Environmental Protection Agency and therefore the State Department, also because the elimination of the National Endowment for the humanities , the National Endowment for the Humanities, funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and therefore the Community Development grant program which supports Meals on Wheels. These cuts proved controversial, however, and far of this funding was restored.

Trump’s Supreme Court Nominations
Trump has nominated three Supreme Court Justices: Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett.

Neil Gorsuch
On January 31, 2017, Trump nominated Judge Gorsuch to the Supreme Court. The 49-year-old conservative judge was appointed by President George W. Bush to the us Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit in Denver.

Judge Gorsuch was educated at Columbia, Harvard and Oxford and clerked for Justices Byron White and Anthony Kennedy. The nomination came after Merrick Garland, President Obama’s nominee to exchange the late Antonin Scalia, was denied a hearing by Senate Republicans.

As Gorsuch’s jurisprudence was considered to be almost like Scalia’s, the selection drew strong praise from the conservative side of the aisle. “Millions of voters said this was the only most vital issue for them once they voted on behalf of me for president,” Trump said. “I am a person of my word. Today i’m keeping another promise to the American people by nominating Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.”

After Gorsuch gave three days of testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee in March, the Senate convened on April 6 to advance his nomination. Democrats mostly held firm to deny the 60 votes necessary to proceed, leading to the primary successful partisan filibuster of a Supreme Court nominee.

But Republicans quickly countered with another historic move, invoking the “nuclear option” to lower the edge for advancing Supreme Court nominations from 60 votes to an easy majority of fifty . On April 7, Gorsuch was confirmed by the Senate to become the 113th justice of the Supreme Court.

Brett Kavanaugh
On July 9, 2018, Trump nominated Kavanaugh following the retirement of Justice Kennedy. A textualist and originalist within the mold of Scalia, the nomination continued the rightward push of the Supreme Court.

Democrats vowed to fight the nomination, and Kavanaugh was nearly derailed by accusations of sexual abuse . He earned confirmation during a close vote that October.

Amy Coney Barrett
Following the death of liberal favorite Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Trump nominated conservative Judge Barrett, from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, on September 26, 2020.

Climate Change
During the 2016 presidential election, Trump called global climate change a “hoax.” He later recanted, saying, “I don’t think it is a hoax, i feel there’s probably a difference.”

However, in an October 2018 interview on Fox News, Trump accused climate scientists of getting a “political agenda” and said that he was unconvinced that humans were liable for rising temperatures.

In November 2018, The Fourth National Climate Assessment, compiled by 13 federal agencies including the EPA and Department of Energy, found that, left unchecked, global climate change would be catastrophic for the U.S. economy. Trump told reporters, “I do not believe it.”

In June 2019, Trump met with Charles and reportedly discussed global climate change at length. In an interview with British TV host Piers Morgan, Trump said “I believe that there’s a change in weather and that i think it changes both ways…It wont to be called heating , that wasn’t working, then it had been called global climate change and now actually it’s called extreme weather.”

Trump later told ITV’s morning Britain that he pushed back Prince Charles’ suggestions that the us do more to combat global climate change , saying that the U.S. “now has among the cleanest climates there are supported all statistics.”

Paris Climate Agreement
On June 1, 2017, Trump withdrew from the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, which President Obama had joined along side the leaders of 195 other countries. The accord requires all participating nations to scale back greenhouse emission emissions in an attempt to curb global climate change over the following century and also to allocate resources for the research and development of other energy sources.

With Trump’s decision, the us joined Syria and Nicaragua because the only three countries to reject the accord. However, Nicaragua eventually joined the Paris Climate Agreement months later.

Oil Extraction
Soon after taking office, Trump revived the controversial Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipelines to transfer oil extracted in Canada and North Dakota . The pipelines had been halted by President Obama following protests from environmental and Native American groups.

Trump owned shares of Energy Transfer Partners, the corporate responsible of construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, but sold his stake within the company in December 2016. Energy Transfer Partners CEO Kelcy Warren also contributed to Trump’s presidential campaign, raising concerns over conflict of interest.

Coal Mining
On March 28, 2017, the president, surrounded by American coal miners, signed the “Energy Independence” executive order, calling for the Environmental Protection Agency to roll back Obama’s Clean Power Plan, curb climate and carbon emissions regulations and to rescind a moratorium on coal mining on U.S. federal lands.

Endangered Species Act
In August 2019, the Trump administration announced it had been overhauling the species Act. This included changes to legislation that gave the govt increased discretion over matters of global climate change and economic cost when determining whether a species should be protected.

Health Care
One of Trump’s first executive orders in office was calling on federal agencies to “waive, defer, grant exemptions from, or delay” aspects of the Affordable Care Act to attenuate financial burden on states, insurers and individuals.

On March 7, 2017, House Republicans, led by Speaker Paul Ryan, introduced the American Health Care Act, an idea to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, the controversial bill ultimately did not have enough Republican votes and was withdrawn a couple of weeks later, representing a serious legislative setback for Speaker Ryan and Trump.

After intense negotiations among party factions, a replacement Republican health care plan was delivered to a choose the House of Representatives on May 4, 2017, and gone by a slim margin of 217 to 213. That passed the buck to the Senate.

Almost immediately after a draft was unveiled on June 22, conservative senators like Ted Cruz declared they might not support the bill’s failure to significantly lower premiums, while moderates like Susan Collins voiced concerns over its steep cuts to Medicaid. On June 27, Senate legislator Mitch McConnell elected to delay his planned vote for the bill. When the third, so-called “skinny repeal,” bill finally visited a vote on within the Senate July 28, it failed by three votes.

In September, a replacement bill to repeal the Affordable Care Act was put forth by Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Senator Bill Cassidy of Louisiana. However, on September 26, Senate Republicans announced they might not move forward with the present plan, as they were in need of the specified votes. “We are disappointed in certain so-called Republicans,” Trump responded.

On Columbus Day , 2017 Trump signed an executive order during a move that would dismantle the ACA without Congress’s approval, expanding insurance products — mostly less comprehensive plans through associations of small employers and more short-term medical coverage.

He also announced that he would get obviate insurance subsidies. referred to as cost-sharing reduction payments, which lower the value of deductibles for low-income Americans, they were expected to cost $9 billion in 2018 and $100 billion over subsequent decade.

Birth Control Mandate
On October 6, 2017, the Trump administration announced a rollback of the contraception mandate put in situ by the Obama administration’s Affordable Care Act, which required insurers to hide contraception at no cost without copayments as a preventive service. For years, the mandate was threatened by lawsuits from conservative and non secular groups.

The Trump administration said the new exemption applied to any employer that objects to covering contraception services on the idea of “sincerely held religious beliefs or moral convictions.” The change is in line with Trump’s promises as a candidate to make sure that religious groups “are not bullied by the federal due to their religious beliefs.”

Opponents of the measure said that it could potentially affect many thousands of girls which access to affordable contraception within the mandate provided prevents unintended pregnancies and saves women’s lives.

As president, Trump has said that he’s “strongly pro-life” and needs to ban all abortions except in cases of rape, incest or when a woman’s life is in peril . He has supported bans on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy and has cited his appointments of conservative Supreme Court judges Gorsuch and Kavanaugh as helping to form abortion laws in some states more restrictive.

Trump changed his beliefs on abortion from pro-choice to anti-abortion in 1999. In 2016, he said that he supported “some sort of punishment” for ladies who undergo abortions; he later released a press release saying he only thought practitioners should be punished for performing abortions, not women for having them.

In January 2020, after his administration threatened to chop federal funds to California over a mandate that the state’s insurance plans cover abortion, Trump became the primary sitting president to deal with the annual March for all times rally in Washington, D.C.

Tax Plan
On April 26, 2017, Trump announced his tax plan during a one-page outline that might dramatically change tax codes. The plan involved streamlining seven tax brackets to 3 — 10, 25 and 35 percent.

The initial outline didn’t specify which income ranges would fall into those brackets. The plan also proposed to lower the company rate from 35 to fifteen percent, eliminate the choice minimum tax and inheritance tax , and simplify the method for filing tax returns. The proposal didn’t address how the tax cuts might reduce federal revenue and increase debt.

On December 2, 2017, Trump achieved the primary major legislative victory of his administration when the Senate passed a sweeping tax reform bill. Approved along party lines by a 51-49 vote, the bill drew criticism for extensive last-minute rewrites, with frustrated Democrats posting photos of pages crammed with crossed-out text and handwriting crammed into the margins.

Among other measures, the Senate bill involved the slashing of the company rate from 35 to twenty percent, doubling personal deductions and ending the Obamacare mandate. It also included a controversial provision that allowed for “unborn children” to be named as beneficiaries of school savings accounts, which critics called an effort to support the pro-life movement. Despite estimates by the Congressional Budget Office that the bill would cost $1.5 trillion over a decade, GOP senators insisted that charges would be offset by a growing economy.

After the bill’s passage, Trump tweeted: “Biggest bill and Tax Cuts in history just passed within the Senate. Now, these great Republicans are going to be going for final passage. many thanks to deal with and Senate Republicans for your diligence and commitment!” On December 20, the ultimate bill formally passed both chambers of Congress.

Following partisan battles over a spending bill in early 2018, which resulted during a brief government shutdown and stopgap measures, Trump threatened to torpedo a $1.3 trillion spending bill with a last-minute veto. Reportedly angry that the bill didn’t fully fund his long-promised Mexican border wall, he nevertheless signed the bill into law on March 23, hours before another government shutdown would have gone into effect.

Transgender Rights
On Washington’s Birthday , 2017, the Trump administration rolled back federal protection for transgender students to use bathrooms that correspond to their identity , allowing states and faculty districts to interpret federal anti-discrimination law.

On March 27, 2017, Trump signed several measures under the Congressional Review Act to reverse regulations associated with education, land use and a “blacklisting rule” requiring federal contractors to disclose violations of federal labor, wage and workplace safety laws.

Later that year, the president tweeted that he would enact a ban on transgender people from serving within the military. The official policy went into effect the subsequent March with the statement that “transgender persons with a history or diagnosis of gender dysphoria — individuals who the policies state may require substantial medical treatment, including medications and surgery — are disqualified from military service except under certain limited circumstances.”

Following a legal challenge, the Supreme Court allowed the ban to travel into effect in January 2019, while allowing lower courts to listen to additional arguments.

Gun Control
Trump has vowed to defend the Second Amendment and gun ownership since taking office. He spoke at the National Rifle Association’s annual convention in 2019, and he promised to veto a measure passed in February 2019 by House Democrats to strengthen background checks. However, Trump has also sometimes said he would be willing to think about a variety of measures to limit gun access. His administration also banned bump stocks in October 2017 after a mass shooting at a Las Vegas music festival left 58 people dead.

The Valentine Day 2018 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas highschool in Parkland, Florida, which left a complete of 17 students and school dead, sparked a robust response from Trump.

He ordered the Department of Justice to issue regulations banning bump stocks and suggested he was willing to think about a variety of measures, from strengthening background checks to raising the minimum age for purchasing rifles. He also backed an NRA-fueled proposal for arming teachers, which drew backlash from many within the profession.

The president remained invested within the issue whilst the standard cycle of shock began diminishing: during a televised February 28 meeting with lawmakers, he involved regulation legislation that might expand background checks to gun shows and internet transactions, secure schools and restrict sales for a few young adults.

At one point he called out Pennsylvania Senator Pat Toomey for being “afraid of the NRA,” and at another, he suggested that authorities should seize guns from unsound or other potentially dangerous people without first getting to court. “I like taking the guns early,” he said. “Take the guns first, undergo due process of law second.”

His stances seemingly stunned the Republican lawmakers at the meeting, also because the NRA, which previously considered the president as a robust supporter. Within a couple of days, Trump was walking back his proposal to boost the regulation and mainly pushing for arming select teachers.

In June 2019, Trump said he would “think about” a ban on gun silencers following the deaths of a dozen people, who were killed by a gunman at the Virginia Beach civic center . Two months later, after back-to-back mass shootings in El Paso , Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, the president suggested tying expanded background checks to immigration reform legislation.

Trump and Mexico
Border Wall
Trump issued an executive order to create a wall at the United States’ border with Mexico. In his first televised interview as president, Trump said the initial construction of the wall would be funded by U.S. taxpayer dollars, but that Mexico would reimburse the U.S. “100 percent” during a decide to be negotiated and might include a suggested import tax on Mexican goods.

In response to the new administration’s stance on a border wall, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto canceled a planned visit to satisfy with Trump. “Mexico doesn’t believe walls,” the Mexican president said during a video statement. “I’ve said time again; Mexico won’t buy any wall.”

After funding for the wall did not materialize, from either Mexico or Congress, Trump in April 2018 announced that he would reinforce security along the U.S. border with Mexico by using American troops due to the “horrible, unsafe laws” that left the country vulnerable. the subsequent day, the president signed a proclamation that directed National Guard troops to the U.S.-Mexico border.

The Department of Homeland Security said that the deployment would be in coordination with governors, that the troops would “support federal enforcement personnel, including [Customs and Border Protection],” which federal immigration authorities would “direct enforcement efforts.”

In December 2018, shortly before a newly elected Democratic majority was set to require control of the House, Trump announced he wouldn’t sign a bill to fund the govt unless Congress allocated $5.7 billion toward building his long-promised border wall. With Democrats refusing to offer in to his demand, a partial government shutdown ensued for a record 35 days, until all sides agreed to a different attempt at striking a compromise.

On Valentine Day , 2019, at some point before the deadline, Congress passed a $333 billion spending package that allocated $1.375 billion for 55 miles of steel-post fencing. After indicating that he would sign the bill, the President made good on his threat to declare a national emergency the subsequent day, enabling him to funnel $3.6 billion slated for military construction projects toward building the wall.

In response, a coalition of 16 states filed a lawsuit that challenged Trump’s power to bypass Congress on this issue.

“Contrary to the desire of Congress, the president has used the pretext of a manufactured ‘crisis’ of unlawful immigration to declare a national emergency and redirect federal dollars appropriated for drug interdiction, military construction and enforcement initiatives toward building a wall on the United States-Mexico border,” the lawsuit said.

After the House voted for a resolution to overturn the national emergency declaration in late February, the Senate followed suit on March 14 when 12 Republican senators joined a united Democratic side to vote for the resolution. Trump promptly issued the primary veto of his presidency the subsequent day, calling the resolution a “vote against reality.”

In late July 2019, the Supreme Court overturned an appellate decision and ruled that the Trump administration could begin using Pentagon money for construction during the continued litigation over the difficulty .

Border Separation Policy
As a part of attempts to seal the U.S. border with Mexico, the Trump administration in 2018 began following through on a “zero-tolerance” policy to prosecute anybody found to possess crossed the border illegally. As children were legally not allowed to be detained with their parents, this meant that they were to be held separately as family cases wound through immigration courts.

A furor ensued after reports surfaced that almost 2,000 children had been separated from their parents over a six-week period that led to May 2018, compounded by photos of toddlers crying in cages. Trump initially deflected blame for things , insisting it resulted from the efforts of predecessors and political opponents. “The Democrats are forcing the breakup of families at the Border with their horrible and cruel legislative agenda,” he tweeted.

The president ultimately caved to pressure from the bad PR, and on June 20 he signed an executive order that directed the Department of Homeland Security to stay families together.

“I didn’t just like the sight or the sensation of families being separated,” he said, adding that it remained important to possess “zero tolerance for folks that enter our country illegally” and for Congress to seek out a permanent solution to the matter . within the meantime, the DHS essentially revived the “catch-and-release” system that the policy was meant to eradicate while handling the logistics of reuniting families.

Travel Ban
President Trump signed one among his most controversial executive orders on January 27, 2017, calling for “extreme vetting” to “keep radical Islamic terrorists out of the us of America.” The president’s executive order was put into effect immediately, and refugees and immigrants from seven predominantly Muslim countries traveling to the U.S. were detained at U.S. airports.

The order involved a ban on immigrants from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen for a minimum of 90 days, temporarily suspended the entry of refugees for 120 days and barred Syrian refugees indefinitely. In an interview with the Christian Broadcasting Network, Trump also said he would give priority to Christian refugees trying to realize entry into the us .

After facing multiple legal hurdles, Trump signed a revised executive order on March 6, 2017, calling for a 90-day ban on travelers from six predominantly Muslim countries including Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia and Yemen. Iraq, which was included within the original executive order, was faraway from the list.

Travelers from the six listed countries, who hold green cards or have valid visas as of the signing of the order, won’t be affected. Religious minorities wouldn’t get special preference, as was outlined within the original order, and an indefinite ban on Syrian refugees was reduced to 120 days.

On March 15, just hours before the revised ban was getting to be put into effect, Derrick Watson, a federal judge in Hawaii, issued a short lived nationwide restraining order during a ruling that stated the chief order didn’t prove that a ban would protect the country from terrorism which it had been “issued with a purpose to disfavor a specific religion, in spite of its stated, religiously neutral purpose.” At a rally in Nashville, Trump skilled the ruling, saying: “This is, within the opinion of the many , an unprecedented judicial overreach.”

Judge Theodore D. Chuang of Maryland also blocked the ban the subsequent day, and in subsequent months, the ban was impeded in decisions handed down by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Richmond, Virginia, and therefore the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals once more .

However, on June 26, 2017, Trump won a partial victory when the Supreme Court announced it had been allowing the controversial ban to travel into effect for foreign nationals who lacked a “bona fide relationship with a person or entity within the us .” The court agreed to listen to oral arguments for the case in October, but with the 90-to-120-day timeline in situ for the administration to conduct its reviews, it had been believed the case would be rendered moot by that time .

On September 24, 2017, Trump issued a replacement presidential proclamation, which permanently bans visit the us for many citizens from seven countries. Most were on the first list, including Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, while the new order included Chad, North Korea and a few citizens of Venezuela (certain officialdom and their families). The tweak did little to pacify critics, who argued that the order was still heavily biased toward Islam.

“The incontrovertible fact that Trump has added North Korea — with few visitors to the U.S. — and a couple of officialdom from Venezuela doesn’t obfuscate the important incontrovertible fact that the administration’s order remains a Muslim ban,” said Anthony D. Romero, the chief director of the American Civil Liberties Union.

On October 10, the Supreme Court canceled a planned hearing on an appeal of the first travel ban. On October 17, the day before the order was to require effect, Judge Watson of Hawaii issued a nationwide order freezing the Trump administration’s new travel ban, writing that the order was a “poor fit the problems regarding the sharing of ‘public-safety and terrorism-related information that the president identifies.”

On December 4, 2017, the Supreme Court allowed the third version of the Trump administration’s travel ban to travel into effect despite the continued legal challenges. The court’s orders urged appeals courts to work out as quickly as possible whether the ban was lawful.

Under the ruling, the administration could fully enforce its new restrictions on travel from eight nations, six of them predominantly Muslim. Citizens of Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Chad and North Korea , along side some groups of individuals from Venezuela, would be unable to emigrate to the us permanently, with many barred from also working, studying or vacationing within the country.

On June 26, 2018, the Supreme Court upheld the president’s travel ban by a 5-4 vote. Writing for the bulk , judge John Roberts said that Trump had the chief authority to form national security judgments within the realm of immigration, no matter his previous statements about Islam. during a sharply worded dissent, Justice Sonia Sotomayor said that the result was like that of Korematsu v. us , which permitted the detention of Japanese-Americans during war II.

Public Charge’ Rule
In August 2019, the Trump administration unveiled a replacement regulation designed to comb out immigrants who would potentially require government assistance. referred to as the “public charge” rule, for people that are hooked in to Medicaid, food stamps and other benefits, the policy tightened requirements for legal immigrants seeking to become permanent residents by that specialize in factors like education, assets, resources and financial status.

Trump and North Korea
Nuclear Weapons and Economic Sanctions
In early August 2017, intelligence experts confirmed that North Korea successfully produced a miniaturized atomic warhead that matches inside its missiles, putting it one step closer to becoming a atomic power . round the same time, the North Korean state press agency said they were “examining the operational plan” to strike areas round the U.S. territory of Guam with medium-to-long-range strategic ballistic missiles.

U.S. experts estimated North Korea’s nuclear warheads at 60 which the country could soon have an intercontinental missile capable of reaching the us . Trump responded that North Korea would be met with “fire and fury” if the threats continued which the U.S. military was “locked and loaded.”

On Assumption , Korean leader Kim Jong-un said he’d “watch a touch more the foolish and stupid conduct of the Yankees,” which Trump tweeted was “a very wise and well reasoned decision.” However on August 20, North Korea warned that the U.S. was risking an “uncontrollable phase of a nuclear war” by following through with military drills with South Korea .

On August 28, North Korea launched a missile over Japan. the subsequent day, Trump said “all options were on the table.” At the United Nations General Assembly on September 19, Trump pejoratively called Kim Jong-un “Rocketman” and said he would “totally destroy” North Korea if it threatened the us or its allies, hours after the group voted to enact additional sanctions against the country.

Two days later, Trump widened American economic sanctions; three days later North Korea threatened to shoot down American airplanes albeit they weren’t in its airspace, calling Trump’s comments “a declaration of war.” every week later, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the U.S. and North Korea were in “direct communication” and searching for a non-militarized path forward.

On October 20, CIA Director Mike Pompeo warned that North Korea was within the “final step” of having the ability to strike mainland America with nuclear warheads and therefore the U.S. should react accordingly. Some policy experts were concerned that war between the U.S. and North Korea was increasingly possible.

Following the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in PyeongChang, South Korea , during which North Korea made a show of unity with the host country, its officials also relayed interest in opening up communications with Washington. Trump leaped at the chance , announcing that he was willing to take a seat down with Kim.

On June 12, 2018, Trump and Kim met at the secluded Capella resort in Singapore, marking the primary such encounter between a sitting U.S. president and North Korean leader. the 2 held private talks with their interpreters, before expanding the meeting to incorporate such top staffers as Pompeo (now U.S. secretary of state), National Security Adviser John Bolton and White House Chief of Staff John Kelly.

Afterward, during a televised ceremony, the leaders signed a joint statement during which Trump “committed to supply security guarantees” to North Korea and Kim “reaffirmed his firm and unwavering commitment to finish denuclearization of the Korea .” Although their talks marked an early step during a diplomatic process that some predicted could take years to finish , the president said he believed denuclearization on the peninsula would begin “very quickly.”

“We’re very pleased with what happened today,” Trump said. “I think our whole relationship with North Korea and therefore the Korea goes to be a really much different situation than it’s within the past.”

On February 27, 2019, the 2 men met for a second summit, at the Metropole hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam, to debate subsequent steps in denuclearization. Said Trump to his counterpart: “I think you’ll have an incredible future together with your country — an excellent leader. and that i anticipate to watching it happen and helping it to happen.”

However, negotiations abruptly ended the second day, after North Korea reportedly asked for sanctions to be lifted in exchange for dismantling its main nuclear facility but not all elements of its weapons program. “Sometimes you’ve got to steer ,” the president said, before adding that things concluded on good terms.

On June 30, 2019, Trump became the primary sitting U.S. president to line foot in North Korea when he met with Kim for casual discussions at the DMZ between the 2 countries on the Korea . Trump later said that he and Kim had agreed to designate negotiators to resume denuclearization talks within the coming weeks.

Trump and Russia
Russian Hacking within the 2016 Election
Throughout the 2016 presidential election, Trump vehemently denied allegations he had a relationship with Russian President Putin and was tied to the hacking of the DNC emails.

In January 2017, a U.S. intelligence report prepared by the CIA, FBI and NSA concluded that Putin had ordered a campaign to influence the U.S. election. “Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith within the U.S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency. We further assess Putin and therefore the Russian Government developed a transparent preference for President-elect Trump,” the report said.

Prior to the discharge of the report, President-elect Trump had cast doubt on Russian interference and therefore the intelligence community’s assessment. Trump received an intelligence briefing on the matter, and in his first news conference as president-elect on January 11, he acknowledged Russia’s interference.

However, in subsequent comments he again refused to condemn Russia for such activity, notably saying on multiple occasions that he believed Putin’s denials.

In March 2018, the Trump administration formally acknowledged the fees by issuing sanctions on 19 Russians for interference within the 2016 presidential election and alleged cyberattacks. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin delivered the announcement, with the president remaining silent on the matter.

In July, days before Trump was to satisfy with Putin in Finland, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein announced additional charges against 12 Russian intelligence officers accused of hacking the DNC and therefore the Clinton campaign.

Meeting With Putin
The White House announced that Trump would hold his first formal discussions with Russian President Putin in Helsinki, Finland, on July 16, 2018.

The two men met on the heels of Trump’s heavily scrutinized summit with NATO leaders, and shortly after the Department of Justice announced the indictment of 12 Russian operatives for interfering within the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Prompted to deal with the difficulty of election hacking during a joint press conference for the 2 leaders, Trump refused to point a finger at his counterpart. “I think we’ve all been foolish. i feel we’re all responsible ,” he said, adding that “President Putin was extremely strong and powerful in his denial today.”

The comments drew a harsh response stateside, with several notable Republicans joining their Democratic colleagues to question why the president was siding with Putin over his intelligence agencies. Senator McCain called it “one of the foremost disgraceful performances by an American president in memory,” and even Trump ally Newt Gingrich weighed in with strong words, tweeting, “It is that the most serious mistake of his presidency and must be corrected — immediately.”

Trump sought to quiet the furor after returning to the White House, insisting that he had misspoken when saying he didn’t see why Russia should be blamed and reminding that he has “on numerous occasions noted our intelligence findings that Russians attempted to interfere in our elections,” though he again suggested that other parties might be responsible.

Around that point , it had been revealed that Trump had instructed Bolton, his national security adviser, to ask Putin to the White House that autumn, news that caught Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats off guard. Bolton soon disclosed that he would postpone the invitation until the conclusion of the special counsel investigation into Russian meddling within the 2016 U.S. presidential election.

Russian Sanctions
Despite Trump’s overtures to Putin, his administration in February 2019 announced the suspension of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Russia, thanks to the Eastern power’s repeated violations of the agreement. The announcement gave Russia 180 days to suits terms before U.S. withdrawal from the treaty would be completed.

On April 6, 2017, Trump ordered a military strike, to which he had tweeted opposition to when Obama was in office, on a Syrian government airfield. The strike was in response to a chemical attack by Syrian president Bashar al-Assad on Syrian civilians that had led to the horrific deaths of dozens of men, women and youngsters .

Navy destroyers fired 59 Tomahawk missiles at Shayrat airfield, from where the attack was launched. it had been the primary direct action by the us against Syrian military forces during the country’s ongoing war .

One year later, evidence surfaced of another chemical attack on Syrians, with dozens reported dead within the rebel-held city of Douma. Although Syria and its ally, Russia, mentioned things as a “hoax” perpetrated by terrorists, Trump wasn’t having it: “Russia vows to shoot down any and every one missiles fired at Syria. prepare Russia, because they’re going to be coming,” he tweeted, adding, “You should not be partners with a Gas Killing Animal who kills his people and enjoys it!”

The U.S. subsequently joined forces with Britain and France for coordinated strikes on Syria early within the morning of Pan American Day , 2018. Larger than the previous year’s operation, this one hit two chemical weapons facilities and a research project center. Afterward, the president took to Twitter to thank his military allies for his or her efforts, declaring, “Mission Accomplished!”

In December 2018, Trump announced that U.S. military troops would be pulled from Syria, before changing his mind when that call was denounced together that might primarily benefit Assad and his government’s main ally, Russia. However, the president reversed course again the subsequent October by ordering U.S. troops withdrawn from northeast Syria to clear the way for a Turkish operation , one that would threaten American-backed Kurdish insurgents within the area.

Again drawing a pointy response from critics, the president made his case on Twitter by arguing it had been time to urge out of Syria and let other nations within the region “figure things out,” adding that he would respond forcefully if Turkey did anything “off limits.” Shortly afterward, he announced he was imposing sanctions on Turkey for a military offensive that was “endangering civilians and threatening peace, security, and stability within the region.”

Death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
In late October 2019, Trump announced that the leader of the Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, was dead following a daring American commando raid in Syria. consistent with the president, the militant leader was chased to the top of an underground tunnel, “whimpering and crying and screaming all the way,” before detonating a suicide vest. The announcement came amid the controversy over the withdrawal of troops from the region, with critics pointing to the American military presence and intelligence contributions from Kurdish allies as factors that led to the success of the mission.

Trade War
On March 1, 2018, after the conclusion of a Department of Commerce investigation, Trump announced that he was imposing tariffs of 25 percent on steel imports and 10 percent on aluminum. He ultimately granted temporary exemptions as he sought to renegotiate deals.

His actions resulted in new agreements with South Korea and multiple South American countries to restrain their metal exports. Talks with China, the E.U. and therefore the border countries stalled. In late May, the administration announced that it had been moving forward with all tariffs.

The move drew a harsh response from the E.U., Canada and Mexico, which announced retaliatory measures. With Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau condemning Trump’s “unacceptable actions” and French President Emmanuel Macron threatening to isolate the U.S. from the Group of seven , the president faced a frosty reception at the G-7 summit in Quebec in June.

He ultimately left the summit early, making headlines on the answer by announcing he wouldn’t sign a communique between the seven nations and taking shots at Trudeau on Twitter. In July, Trump again had harsh words for allies at the NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium, including accusations that Germany was “captive” to Russia for its dependence on Russian gas , and followed with criticism of U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May for her handling of Brexit.

Back home, the president attempted to go off the political fallout of a potentially costly trade war with the announcement that the administration would offer up to $12 billion in emergency relief funds for U.S. farmers. the subsequent summer, the administration revealed details for a replacement , $16 billion aid package for struggling farmers.

In April 2018, the Trump administration announced it had been adding a 25 percent tariff on quite 1,000 Chinese products to penalize the country for its trade practices. He granted temporary exemptions to barter a deal. In late May, he moved forward with a tax on $34 billion worth of Chinese goods that went into effect in July.

The trade war with China escalated in May 2019, when the president gave the go-ahead to boost tariffs to 25 percent on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods. the rise came because the two countries were attempting to thrash out terms for a replacement trade deal.

The following month, after Trump used the threat of tariffs to get expanded border-security measures from Mexico, the president turned his attention back to China with the suggestion that another $300 billion in Chinese goods would be taxed should trade talks still stall. He announced a 5 percent hike in late August and threatened another 5 percent increase by October, before agreeing to delay the latter as he continued to push for an all-encompassing trade deal.

In October, the president gushed about the “very substantial phase one deal” reached with China, saying a final agreement on matters associated with property , financial services and agriculture would take three to 5 weeks to place in situ . Signed in mid-January 2020, the deal included commitments from China to get a further $200 billion of U.S. products over subsequent two years and to refrain from currency manipulation and property theft.

In June 2019, Trump announced that the U.S. would be selling quite $2 billion in tanks and military equipment to Taiwan, one among its largest sales in recent years. The move added tension to China’s relationship with the U.S. The U.S. is that the largest supplier of arms to Taiwan, which could help debar an eventual invasion of Taiwan by the Chinese military.

The U.S. doesn’t officially recognize Taiwan, a de facto independent island that the communist Chinese government plans to bring back under its control, with force if necessary. However, U.S. officials see Taiwan as a crucial counterweight to China within the region and have expressed concern about China’s actions toward Taiwan. In 2018, to the ire of Chinese officials, the Pentagon began ordering naval ships to breeze through the Taiwan Strait as a show of military power.

Israel and therefore the Recognition of Jerusalem
On December 6, 2017, Trump announced that the U.S. was formally recognizing Jerusalem because the capital of Israel, and would move the American embassy there from its current location in Tel Aviv . The declaration broke decades of precedent, during which the U.S. refused to require sides within the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians over territorial rights to the town .

Fulfilling one among his campaign pledges, Trump mentioned the move as “a long overdue step to advance the social process ,” noting it “would be folly to assume that repeating the precise same formula would now produce a special or better result.” He also stressed that the move wouldn’t interfere with any proposals for a two-state solution.

The announcement was praised by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu but not as warmly received by American allies France, Britain and Germany, which called it disruptive to the social process . Leaders of the predominantly Muslim countries Saudi Arabia , Turkey, Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon all condemned the move, while Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said the U.S. could not be considered a mediator within the region.

On December 21, the U.N. General Assembly voted 128 to 9 to demand that the U.S. rescind its formal recognition of Jerusalem. Britain, France, Germany and Japan all voted for the resolution, though others, like Australia and Canada, abstained from the symbolic vote.

After dispatching vice chairman Mike Pence to assist smooth things over with Arab leaders within the Middle East , Trump sought to reestablish ties with American allies at the planet Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, in January 2018. He praised U.K. Prime Minister May and enjoyed a friendly meeting with Netanyahu, though he also took an attempt at the Palestinian Authority for refusing to satisfy with Pence.

Continuing with a recalibrated approach to relations with its Middle Eastern ally, the Trump administration announced in November 2019 that it not considered Israeli settlements within the West Bank to be illegal under law of nations .

A few weeks later, the president sought to bolster support among American Jews by signing an executive order aimed toward cracking down on anti-Semitism at school campuses. The order effectively allowed the govt to acknowledge Judaism as both a race or nationality and religion, empowering the Department of Education to withhold funding from college or educational programs accused of discriminatory actions against Jews.

In January 2020, Trump revealed his “deal of the century” proposal for a two-state solution. His plan envisioned Jerusalem remaining the capital of Israel, with Palestinians getting their own capital within the eastern a part of the town , and therefore the authority for Israel to maneuver forward with annexing its West Bank settlements. The proposal was quickly rejected by Palestinians, with Abbas dismissing it because the “slap of the century.” In September 2020, Trump presided over the signing of accords between Israel, Bahrain and therefore the United Arab Emirates, during which the 2 Arab countries normalized relations with Israel.

In May 2018, over the objections of European allies, Trump announced that he was withdrawing the U.S. from the Iran nuclear deal enacted by his predecessor and reimposing sanctions on the center Eastern country.

The announcement initially drew a tepid response from Iran, but President Hassan Rouhani had stronger words on the difficulty while addressing diplomats in July, noting that “war with Iran is that the mother of all wars” and warning his American counterpart to “not play with the lion’s tail, because you’ll regret it eternally.”

That seemingly enraged Trump, who fired off an all-caps tweet addressed to Rouhani: “Never, ever threaten the us again otherwise you will suffer consequences the likes of which few throughout history have ever suffered before,” he wrote. “We are not any longer a rustic which will represent your demented words of violence & death. Be cautious!”

Tensions mounted again by April 2019, when the Trump administration announced it might not grant economic exemptions to the five countries — China, India, Japan, South Korea and Turkey — which had been permitted to shop for oil from Iran. Several oil tankers were subsequently attacked near the Strait of Hormuz, with the U.S. holding Iran liable for the brazen actions.

In June 2019, the Iranian military shot down an American drone over contested airspace. Trump said he was minutes faraway from ordering a strike in retaliation, before electing to impose new sanctions instead.

In late December, after an American civilian contractor was killed during a rocket attack on an Iraqi base, the U.S. administered military strikes against an Iranian-backed militia deemed liable for the attack. After protesters responded by breaching the outer wall of the U.S. Embassy in Iraq, the animosity escalated with the death of General Qassem Soleimani, Iran’s top security and intelligence commander, during a drone strike authorized by President Trump.

Cuba and Travel Restrictions
To pressure Cuba’s communist government to reform and end its support for Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, Trump tightened travel restrictions to Cuba in April 2019.

In June 2019, Trump announced that the State Department would not allow private or public ships and aircraft to go to Cuba. The U.S. also will not allow “people-to-people” educational travel, which previously proved to be a well-liked travel exemption. Tourist groups should be ready to get round the ban by applying one among the opposite 11 travel exemptions that are still allowed. In September 2020, Trump announced new sanctions aimed toward curtailing U.S. visit Cuba.

President Obama loosened travel restrictions to Cuba following decades of detente between the countries, initiating a short-lived travel boom to the world .

Charlottesville Rally
On August 12, 2017, a gaggle of white nationalists in Charlottesville, Virgina, gathered for a “Unite the Right” rally to protest the removal of a statue of Confederate general Robert E. Lee. People in favor of removing the statue felt that it had been a logo implicitly endorsing racism , while the protesters believed removing it had been an effort at erasing history.

The rally attracted Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazis, including former KKK leader David Duke, who told reporters that the protesters were “going to satisfy the guarantees of Donald Trump” to “take our country back.”

When counter-protesters arrived, the demonstration turned violent with racial slurs, pushing and brawling. Then a car, driven by a person who seemed to show marching earlier that day alongside Neo-Nazis during a CNN photo plowed into the gang , killing a 32-year-old counter-protester and injuring a minimum of 19 others.

In comments that day, Trump didn’t specifically criticize the white nationalists and blamed “hatred, bigotry and violence on many sides.” Two days later, following criticism about his refusal to denounce hate groups, Trump delivered a speech at the White House. “Racism is evil. and people who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the K.K.K., neo-Nazis, white supremacists and other hate groups that are repugnant to everything we care for as Americans,” he said.

However, an equivalent day, Kevin Plank, the top of Under Armour, and Kenneth C. Frazier, the African American head of Merck Pharmaceuticals, announced they were resigning from the president’s American Manufacturing Council in reaction to the events. Trump tweeted: “Now that Ken Frazier of Merck Pharma has resigned from President’s Manufacturing Council, he will have longer to LOWER RIPOFF DRUG PRICES!” subsequent day, Trump reaffirmed his initial comments, telling reporters: “I think there’s blame on each side .”

On September 15, Trump re-defended his comments after meeting with Republican Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina: “I think especially in light of the arrival of antifa, if you check out what is going on on there, you know, you’ve got some pretty bad dudes on the opposite side also. And essentially that is what I said.” (Antifa is an anti-fascist protest movement that sometimes uses violent tactics to defend against neo-Nazis and white supremacists.)

Trump and Obama
“Birther” Controversy
Beginning in early 2011, Trump expressed doubts about the validity of Obama’s birth country to media outlets. To quell the staunch outcry from birtherists, Obama eventually released his certificate in April 2011, verifying that he was born within the us . Regardless, Trump continued to be a vocal critic of President Obama—not only regarding his place of birth, but also on a spread of his policies.

In 2013, Trump tweeted that a Hawaiian State Health Director, who died of arrhythmia following a plane crash, was somehow connected to a cover-up of President Obama’s certificate . In 2016, as he began to clinch his own nomination because the GOP candidate for president, Trump diluted his stance, telling CNN, “I have my very own theory on Obama. Someday i will be able to write a book.”

Later that fall, feeling pressure from his campaign advisors to place the conspiracy theory to rest as a part of a technique to appeal to minority voters, Trump issued a statement: “President Barack Obama was born within the us , period.” At an equivalent time, he also blamed his presidential rival, Hillary Clinton, and her campaign for starting the birther controversy.

Wiretapping Allegations
On March 4, 2017, without citing specific evidence, Trump released a series of tweets accusing former President Obama of wiretapping the campaign headquarters at Trump Tower before the election.

FBI Director James Comey asked the Department of Justice to issue a press release refuting Trump’s allegation, while the White House involved a congressional investigation into Trump’s claims.

On March 16, 2017, bipartisan leaders from the Senate Intelligence Committee said there was no evidence to support the president’s claim that Trump Tower had been wiretapped. On March 20, 2017, Comey addressed the wiretapping allegations, saying that he had “no information that supports those tweets and that we have looked carefully inside the FBI.”

Comey also confirmed that the FBI was investigating the Russian government’s efforts to interfere within the 2016 presidential election, including links and coordination between individuals related to the Trump campaign and therefore the Russian government also as whether any crimes were committed.

Comey and Trump
On May 9, 2017, Trump abruptly fired Comey, who was within the midst of leading the investigation into whether any Trump advisers colluded with Russia to influence the result of the presidential election.

The president said he based his decision on recommendations from Attorney General Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein, who asserted that Comey should be dismissed over his handling of the investigation of Hillary Clinton’s use of a personal email server while she was secretary of state.

The announcement sent shockwaves throughout the govt , with critics comparing Comey’s dismissal to the 1973 “Saturday Night Massacre” when President Nixon fired Archibald Cox, the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate which eventually led to Nixon’s resignation.

Democratic Senate legislator Charles Schumer told reporters at a news conference that “every American will rightly suspect that the choice to fireside Director Comey was a part of a cover-up.”

Trump later told reporters at the White House that he had fired Comey “because he wasn’t doing an honest job,” and he told Lester Holt in an NBC News interview that his decision wasn’t solely supported recommendations from Sessions and Rosenstein. “Regardless of the advice , i used to be getting to fire Comey,” the president told Holt within the televised interview.

There was more fallout every week after Comey’s firing when the ny Times reported that Trump had asked Comey to pack up the investigation into former national security adviser Michael Flynn.

According to the ny Times, Comey wrote during a memo that the president told him during a meeting each day after Flynn resigned: “I hope you’ll see your way clear to letting this go, to letting Flynn go. he’s an honest guy. I hope you’ll let this go.” The White House denied this claim during a statement.

On June 8, Comey made a highly anticipated appearance before the Senate Intelligence Committee. He accused Trump of lying to the general public about the character of his tenure and dismissal, noting that he believed he was fired to affect the FBI probe into Russia’s influence within the 2016 election.

Mueller Investigation of Donald Trump
On May 17, 2017, Deputy Attorney General Rosenstein selected Robert Mueller, former federal prosecutor and FBI director, to function a special counsel to steer the investigation into Russian meddling within the 2016 presidential election and possible ties to the Trump campaign.

On March 24, 2019, two days after Mueller closed his investigation by submitting a report back to Attorney General Barr, the AG summarized the report’s content during a letter to congressional leaders. He wrote that there was no evidence of collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian agents, but noted the special counsel’s wording about whether the president obstructed justice: “while this report doesn’t conclude that the president committed a criminal offense , it also doesn’t exonerate him.” Nonetheless, Trump declared complete exoneration, disparaging the 22-month investigation as an “illegal takedown that failed.”

On October 30, 2018, Mueller announced the primary indictments of his investigation, ensnaring former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort and his associate Rick Gates on charges of tax fraud, concealment and foreign lobbying violations. On December 1, Flynn pleaded guilty to at least one count of lying to the FBI and said he was cooperating with Mueller’s team.

In January 2018, news surfaced that Mueller was seeking an interview with Trump to inquire about his dismissal of Comey and Flynn, among other topics. The president publicly welcomed that concept , saying he was “looking forward thereto .” Days later the ny Times reported that Trump had sought to fireside Mueller the previous June, before backing off when the White House counsel protested.

In early February, the president gave the go-ahead for House Republicans to release a controversial memo that summarized the FBI’s attempts to get a warrant to wiretap former Trump campaign associate Carter Page. consistent with the memo, the FBI and DOJ had relied on information from an infamous dossier, whose author was commissioned by the Democratic Party to obtain dirt on Trump. House Democrats countered that the memo overlooked important information to form it seem that the FBI was biased against Trump, thereby discrediting the bureau’s involvement within the Mueller probe.

In April, the days obtained and published an inventory of 4 dozen questions that Mueller hoped to ask Trump, starting from the president’s contacts with Manafort to his understanding of the June 2016 meeting at Trump Tower conducted by his oldest son, to the intentions behind a number of his tweets as associated with possible obstruction of justice. Ultimately, the president never sat down for face-to-face questioning by Mueller, rather than submitting written responses.

Mueller’s report was released in March 2019, finding no evidence of collusion but offering obtuse language on whether the president obstructed justice. The furor over the report didn’t die down, particularly since the redacted version that was released raised more questions on obstruction and whether Barr was attempting to shield the president from congressional scrutiny.

In May 2019, after Trump exerted executive privilege to dam the discharge of the unredacted report. The House Judiciary Committee voted to recommend that the House hold the attorney general in contempt of Congress.

Trump and Stormy Daniels
Adult-film star Stephanie Clifford, known by her pseudonym of Stormy Daniels, reportedly signed a nondisclosure agreement just before the 2016 election to stay silent on her affair with Trump.

After the Wall Street Journal reported on things in early 2018, the Daniels saga became a part of the news cycle, resulting in a much-publicized appearance on Jimmy Kimmel’s late-night show during which she played coy on the difficulty .

In February 2018, Trump’s longtime personal lawyer, Michael Cohen, admitted to paying Daniels $130,000 out of his own pocket, though he didn’t say what the payment was for. In March, Daniels broke her silence on the topic , insisting that the nondisclosure agreement was invalid because Trump had never signed it.

Late March brought a hour interview with Daniels, during which she described her alleged tryst with Trump, also as a parking zone encounter with an unknown man who warned her to prevent discussing the affair publicly . The piece aired shortly after a televised interview with another alleged Trump mistress, former Playboy model Karen McDougal, who said she had fallen crazy with Trump during their time together.

The president delivered his first public remarks on the difficulty aboard Air Force One in early April, saying he knew nothing about the payment to Daniels. When asked why Cohen felt compelled to distribute $130,000 for what the White House was calling false allegations, Trump responded, “Michael’s my attorney, and you will need to ask Michael.”

Later within the month, McDougal reached a settlement with American Media Inc (AMI) that allowed her to talk freely about her alleged affair with Trump. The model had signed $150,000 deal in 2016 that gave AMI’s The National Enquirer exclusive story rights, though the tabloid never reported on the matter. Under terms of the new contract, McDougal was allowed to stay the $150,000, though she would need to share the profits if she sold or licensed the story to a replacement party.

Shortly afterward, Daniels filed a defamation lawsuit against the president, after he dismissed a composite sketch of a person who allegedly confronted her during a parking zone as a “con job.” The suit claimed that Trump had recklessly accused her of being a liar and breaking the law, leading to quite $75,000 in damages.

Michael Cohen Investigation
In July 2018, Trump’s former personal lawyer Michael Cohen found himself under investigation by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of latest York. He released a two-year-old secret recording of a conversation with Trump about payments to AMI for the McDougal story, indicating that the president was conscious of things dating back to his days as a candidate.

The issue magnified in August, when Cohen accepted a deal to plead guilty to eight criminal charges, two of which, he said, came at the president’s instigation to violate campaign laws and issue hush payments. Trump’s former personal lawyer was sentenced to 3 years in prison that December.

The following February, Cohen appeared before the House Oversight Committee during a televised hearing to testify to an array of Trump’s infractions. along side insisting that his ex-boss knew before time about the Trump Tower meeting with Russians and therefore the WikiLeaks dump of DNC emails, both of which came in mid-2016, he supplied checks as evidence of the president’s reimbursement of his payment to Stormy Daniels.

Inaugural Committee
In February 2019, the U.S. Attorney’s Office within the Southern District of latest York issued a subpoena to Trump’s inaugural committee, seeking a set of documents that included bank accounts of committee members and names of donors, vendors and contractors.

The committee grew out of investigations into Michael Cohen. it had been believed that prosecutors were investigating crimes associated with conspiracy to defraud the us , false statements and concealment .

Sexual Assault and Rape Accusations
As of June 2019, a complete of 16 women have accused Trump of sexual abuse . He has denied all accusations.

E. Jean Carroll sexual abuse Accusations
In June 2019, ny journalist E. Jean Carroll accused Trump of sexually assaulting her in 1996 at the upscale Manhattan emporium Bergdorf Goodman. Carroll says Trump approached her as she was leaving the building and asked for her help buying a present for a girlfriend . He led her upstairs to the lingerie department, and, after a touch of banter, pinned her within the room , pulled down her tights and sexually assaulted her, consistent with Carroll’s account.

When the alleged assault was over, Carroll called her friend, author Lisa Birnbach, to explain the encounter. Birnbach told journalists at The ny Times that she told Carroll that she was raped and will call the police. a few of days later, Carroll told her friend Carol Martin, a TV host, who advised her to stay silent. Ultimately, Carroll says she blamed herself for going into the room with Trump.

Carroll never publicly discussed her story until quite 20 years later, when she described the alleged rape in her 2019 memoir, What can we Need Men For? An excerpt was published beforehand of the discharge date during a ny article .

Trump initially said he had “never met” Carroll. When a photograph surfaced of the 2 shaking hands, he said he had “no idea who she is” and called her accusation “fiction” designed to sell her new book.

‘Access Hollywood’ Controversy
On October 7, 2016, just two days before the second presidential debate between Trump and Clinton, the Republican presidential nominee was embroiled in another scandal when the Washington Post released a 2005 recording during which he lewdly described kissing and groping women, and trying to possess sex with then-married television personality Nancy O’Dell.

The three-minute recording captured Trump chatting with Billy Bush, co-anchor of Access Hollywood, as they prepared to satisfy serial actress Arianne Zucker for a segment of the show.

“I’ve gotta use some Tic Tacs, just just in case I start kissing her,” Trump said within the recording which was caught on a microphone that had not been turned off. “You know I’m automatically interested in beautiful — I just start kissing them. It’s sort of a magnet. Just kiss. I don’t even wait. And when you’re a star they allow you to roll in the hay . you’ll do anything.” He also said that due to his celebrity status he could grab women by their genitals.

In response, Trump released a press release saying: “This was room banter, a personal conversation that happened a few years ago. Clinton has said far worse to me on the golf links — not even close. I apologize if anyone was offended.”

Trump later posted a videotaped apology on Facebook during which he said: “I’ve never said I’m an ideal person, nor pretended to be someone that I’m not. I’ve said and done things I regret, and therefore the words released today on this quite a decade-old video are one among them. Anyone who knows me knows these words don’t reflect who i’m . I said it, i used to be wrong, and that i apologize.”

The backlash was immediate with some top Republicans, including Senators John McCain, Kelly Ayotte, Mike Crapo, Shelley Moore Capito and Martha Roby, who withdrew their support for Trump. House Speaker Ryan reportedly told fellow GOP lawmakers that he wouldn’t campaign with or defend the presidential candidate.

Some GOP critics also involved Trump to withdraw from the race, including former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Trump remained defiant, tweeting that he would stay within the race.

Around the same time because the video leak, numerous women began speaking publicly about their past experiences with Trump, alleging he had either sexually assaulted or harassed them supported their looks.

Pressuring Ukraine and Whistleblower Complaint
In September 2019, The Washington Post reported that Trump had ordered the withholding of nearly $400 million in military aid to Ukraine in mid-July, one week before a call during which he urged Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky to research Hunter Biden, the son of 2020 presidential candidate Joe Biden. This tied into reports of a whistleblower complaint from the Intelligence Community regarding communications between Trump and Ukraine, and therefore the failure of the acting director of national intelligence, Joseph Maguire, to relay the complaint to Congress.

Trump admitted to discussing Joe and Hunter Biden with Zelensky, and even released a transcript of their conversation, though he denied that he withheld the military aid as a way for pressuring his counterpart into exhumation dirt on a political rival. He later doubled down on his assertion that the Bidens needed to be investigated, calling for the Chinese government to try to to so.

In October, as House Democrats attempted to secure testimony from the unidentified whistleblower, reports surfaced of another individual with first-hand knowledge of several allegations noted within the complaint. William B. Taylor Jr., the acting U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, soon defied State Department orders to share his recollection of events with investigators and corroborate the claims of quid pro quo. He was followed by Alexander Vindman, the highest Ukraine expert on the National Security Council , who reportedly confirmed that he was on the call between Trump and Zelensky and was concerned that the demand to research the Bidens would jeopardize U.S.-Ukraine relations.

Impeachment and Acquittal
By the time Mueller’s special counsel investigation into Trump led to March 2019, some Democrats were calling for the initiation of impeachment proceedings, including 2020 Democratic presidential hopefuls Kamala Harris and Cory Booker.

Calls for impeachment grew after Mueller held a news conference regarding his report in May 2019. Mueller said he couldn’t clear the President of obstruction of justice but declined to pursue impeachment, leaving Democrats to make a decision if Trump’s conduct should be investigated for impeachable offenses. However, House Judiciary Committee Chair Jerry Nadler and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi weren’t in favor of pursuing impeachment.

In July 2019, after the House voted to condemn Trump for his Twitter comments about four congresswomen of color, Democrat Al Green of Texas filed a resolution to launch impeachment proceedings against the president. With most of his Democratic colleagues not yet able to make the plunge, the resolution was defeated by a 332-to-95 vote.

The tide turned with the reports of Trump pressuring the Ukrainian president to research Joe and Hunter Biden and therefore the administration’s plan to conceal the whistleblower complaint. On September 24, 2019, Pelosi announced that the House was launching a proper impeachment inquiry against Trump.

On October 31, following five weeks of investigations and interviews, the House voted 232-196 to approve a resolution that established rules for the impeachment process. about two Democrats and therefore the House’s lone independent voted for the measure, while Republicans were unanimous in their opposition.

Impeachment hearings commenced on November 13 with testimony from Taylor and another State Department official, as Trump was busy meeting with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey. the subsequent week, Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the ecu Union, provided more testimony about what he said was a transparent case of quid pro quo, noting that vice chairman Pence, Secretary of State Pompeo and other top administration officials were conscious of Trump’s pressure campaign.

On December 10, 2019, House Democrats announced they were moving forward with two articles of impeachment, charging Trump with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. Eight days later, the House again voted almost entirely along party lines for the 2 articles, making Trump the third U.S. president to be impeached by the House, after Johnson , in 1868, and Clinton , in 1998; President Nixon resigned before he might be impeached.

The Senate trial formally began on January 21, 2020, with seven House Democrat impeachment managers arguing their case of Trump’s abuses against the president’s legal defense that everything was valid. Although former national security adviser John Bolton lurked as a possible wild card, following reports that his upcoming book revealed more evidence of Trump tying Ukraine aid to political investigations, his account became irrelevant when the Senate voted against allowing additional witnesses on January 31.

The impeachment saga came to an endways February 5, 2020, when the Senate voted along party lines to acquit President Trump on both charges. Mitt Romney, now senator of Utah, was the lone Republican to vote to convict on the charge of abuse of power.

After taking a lap of honour for beating back the impeachment attempt, Trump faced a replacement challenge with the emergence of the novel coronavirus from China. The White House initially requested $2.5 billion in emergency funding to affect the outbreak, a mirrored image of the president’s belief that the threat wasn’t particularly dire, though lawmakers on each side of the aisle suggested that number was too low.

On February 26, 2020, an equivalent day that the 60th known coronavirus patient was recorded within the U.S., Trump announced that vice chairman Pence would lead the administration’s response to the health crisis. “We’re very, very ready for this,” the president said. “The risk to the American people remains very low.”

Despite his reassurances, things continued to escalate within the coming weeks because the World Health Organization declared the outbreak an epidemic and major American sports leagues suspended their seasons. On March 13, at some point after stocks suffered the most important daily drop since Black Monday of 1987, the president announced that he was declaring a national emergency to release $50 billion in federal resources to combat the health crisis.

On March 18, Trump pushed out the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which provided paid leave for a few workers, funding for food assistance programs, expanded unemployment benefits and free diagnostic testing. He followed by signing a $2 trillion relief bill on March 27, which established a $500 billion government lending program and allocated funds for both hospitals and individual taxpayers.

Facing criticism for his handling of things , on Pan American Day , the president announced that he was suspending funding to the WHO for “severely mismanaging and covering up the spread of the coronavirus.” the subsequent week, he signed an executive order that halted the issuance of green cards for 60 days — with exemptions for medical workers and relations of U.S. citizens — so as to guard American workers during the pandemic.

Trump sometimes clashed with Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), who sought to reel within the president’s ambitions for reopening the country as quickly as possible. In May, after Fauci told the Senate that some schools wouldn’t be able to safely welcome back students within the fall, Trump decried that analysis as “not a suitable answer.”

On October 2, 2020, President Trump revealed that he and wife Melania had both tested positive for COVID-19. Later that day he was transferred to Reed National Military center , after feeling “fatigued,” consistent with his physician. He left the hospital on October 5. Son Barron was also tested and initially tested negative, but it had been revealed weeks later that a second test came back positive.

Social Media Executive Order
Known for his frequent use of Twitter to market his agenda and attack critics, Trump came under attack in May 2020 for retweeting claims that former congressman turned MSNBC host Joe Scarborough had killed one among the staffers. Around that point , the president delivered a series of tweets alleging that mail-in voting would cause widespread fraud, prompting Twitter to feature fact-checking links to 2 of his posts.

After accusing the social media platform of trying to censor him and “interfering” within the 2020 election, Trump signed an executive order that involved new regulations under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act of 1996 (CDA) to get rid of statutory liability protections and cut federal funding for Twitter, Facebook and other tech companies that engage in censorship and political conduct.

2020 Election Defeat
Although most national polls had Trump well behind Biden heading into polling day , the president looked to get on solid footing as he claimed the crucial state of Florida and jumped bent a lead in other battleground states. However, the race began tipping in Biden’s favor because the mail-in ballots gradually added up, prompting the president to attack about the method and therefore the launch of lawsuits designed to challenge the leads to Pennsylvania, Michigan, Nevada and Georgia.

On November 7, 2020, four days after polling day , Biden was declared because the 46th president-elect after winning Pennsylvania, making Trump the primary president to lose his reelection bid since George H.W. Bush in 1992. Trump refused to concede during a subsequent statement, pointing to the continued litigation while noting that “this election is way from over.”

On December 14, 2020, all 538 electors within the body cast their vote, formalizing Biden’s victory over President Trump within the 2020 presidential election. Biden received 306 votes and Trump received 232.

His lawsuits gaining little to no traction in courts round the country, the president continued seeking out ways to vary the result of the election. On January 2, 2021, he urged Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to “find” the nearly 12,000 votes needed to beat the deficit within the state to Biden. Additionally, with a couple of loyal senators and dozens of House Republicans announcing their plans to object during the congressional certification of Biden’s body win on Epiphany , 2021, Trump ratcheted up the pressure on Pence, as president of the Senate, to reject the votes from contested states.

Capitol Siege, Twitter Ban and Second Impeachment
On Epiphany , the president held a rally during which he declared that he would “never concede” and exhorted supporters to march to the Capitol nearby. The supporters promptly stormed the Capitol and fought with police, at one point taking up the Senate chamber as lawmakers were evacuated for his or her safety.

“These are the items and events that happen when a sacred landslide election victory is so unceremoniously & viciously stripped faraway from great patriots who are badly & unfairly treated for therefore long,” Trump tweeted, adding, “Go home amorously & in peace. Remember today forever!”

Law enforcement reclaimed control of the complex at about 6 p.m., following the chaos that had resulted in four deaths, quite 50 arrests and therefore the declaration of a public emergency by Washington, D.C., Mayor Muriel Bowser. Congress soon reconvened, its session continuing well past midnight as some members continued voicing their concerns about the election results.

At just after 3:40 a.m. on January 7, vice chairman Pence formally declared Biden the winner of the election. His social media accounts temporarily suspended due to the riots, Trump issued a press release shortly afterward which read: “Even though I totally afflict the result of the election, and therefore the facts bear me out, nevertheless there’ll be an orderly transition on January 20th.”

Later that day, Trump posted a video on his Twiter addressing the “heinous attacks” on the Capitol and also conceded the election. “We have just been through an intense election and emotions are high. But now tempers must be cooled and calm restored. We must get on with the business of America,” he said. “Now Congress has certified the results. a replacement administration are going to be inaugurated on January 20. My focus now turns to making sure a smooth, orderly and seamless transition of power. This moment involves healing and reconciliation.”

Trump later tweeted that he won’t attend Biden’s inauguration. On Epiphany , Trump’s Twitter account was temporarily suspended. Two days later, Twitter announced a permanent ban on his account and a number of other other social media platforms, like Facebook and Instagram, followed suit.

On January 13, the bulk of the House voted to impeach Trump for a second time for “incitement of insurrection,” making him the primary president in history to be impeached twice. On February 13, Trump was acquitted, with the Senate voting 57-43.

Farewell Address
On Robert E Lee’s Birthday , 2021, Trump released a farewell video on his final day as president. “Four years ago, I came to Washington because the only true outsider ever to win the presidency. I had not spent my career as an official , but as a builder watching open skylines and imagining infinite possibilities. I ran for President because I knew there have been towering new summits for America just waiting to be scaled. I knew the potential for our nation was boundless as long as we put America first,” he said within the almost 20-minute speech. “So I left behind my former life and stepped into a really difficult arena, but an arena nevertheless, with all kinds of potential if properly done. America had given me such a lot , and that i wanted to offer something back.”

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